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medical terms

TermDefinition
Vascularity related to or containing blood vessels
Palpitations Forcible or irregular throbbing of heart, during periods of stress or heart conditions
Hyperkalemia ^ potassium in blood
action potential when excitement occurs and changes the membrane potential in the nerve
Arterial Blood Gases (ABGs) measurement of the dissolved O2 & CO2 in the arterial blood that helps indicate the acid-base state & how well the O2 is being carried to the body
Bronchospasm contraction of smooth muscle in bronchi walls causing narrowing & obstructing breathing
Coagulations clotting. from liquid to solid
Conduction Volosity transmitting energy
Consumption weight loss
Diaphoresis perspiration
Dyspnea shortness of breath
Embuli A blood clot usually in the legs or pelvis
Exudation any fluid exploded out of a tissue because of an injury or inflammation
Hemoptysis The spitting of blood derived from the lungs or bronchi as a result of a hemorrage
hemorrhage An escape of blood through ruptured or unruptured vessel walls. bleeding substantialy
A high-pressure alarm on vent means that an endotrach tube is displaced tube is obstructed pt biting/ gaging on tube bronchospasm pt fighting vent
hypoxemia subnormal oxygenation of arterial blood
Kveim test test to detect for sarcoidosis done by injecting kveim antigen & examining skin biopsies after 3-6 weeks
Laryngectomy excision of the larynx
Low-pressure alarm on vent means that disconnection leak pt stops spontaneous breathing
Orthopnea discomfort breathing from lying flat
Paresthesia numbness or tingling in arms & legs
Pleurisy Inflammation of the pleura (membrane involving lungs & plueral cavity)
Pursed lip breathing Breathing, exhaling though puckered lips Benefits- decrease respiratory rate, ^ control of O2
Respiratory acidosis acidosis from retention of CO2 from hypo ventilation & decrease blood PH
Respiratory Alkalosis alkalosis from loss of CO2 from hyperventilation
Semi-fowlers inclined position, head of bed 30 degrees
Sucking stab wound open pneumothroax
Fowler's position Semirecumbent, partly reclining head 45 degrees
Tremors Repetitive muscle movements, involuntary
Mantoux test tuberculin test, PPD read 48-72 hours after
Created by: mandylol1