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Tests/Equipment

TermDefinition
Nasal Cannula nasal prongs delivers 1-6 L/min of O2 of 24%-44% O2 delivered to nose & mouth doesn't effect eating check for irrigations
Simple Face Mask delivers 5-8 L/min O2 of 40%-60% will interfere w/ eating & talking provide skin care under mask
Venturi Mask ventimask delivers 4-10 L/min O2 for 24%-55% check for irrigation keep air entrapment port open & uncovered keep mask snug, make sure no kinks in tubing
Partial Rebreather Mask Mask w/ reservoir bag delivers 6-15 L/min O2 for 70%-90% high O2 keep reservoir bag 2/3rds full pt rebreathes 1/3rd exhaled air
Nonrebreather Mask delivers O2 60%-100% keep bag inflated w/ flow rate remove mucus,etc make sure valves open & close make sure )2 dosent disconnect
Tracheostomy Collar & T-bar or T-piece face tent, face shield delivers 8-12 L/min & FIO2 varies change to nasal cannula during meals make sure aerosol mist escapes from vents empty condensation from tubing keep exhalation port in the t-piece open & uncovered position t-piece doesnt pull
CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) a machine providing air flow through face mask for obstructive sleep apnea
BiPAP (Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure similar to CPAP offers 2 pressure flows used for central sleep apnea
Mechanical Ventilation for those inable to oxygenate adequately always check client first then check ventilator
Pulmonary Angiography invasive procedure, cath inserted through vein into pulmonary artery injects iodine Interventions-allergies to iodine or seafood, NPO 8 hrs before, emergency resuscitation equipment near by After-dont take BP in same arm as injection for 24 hrs
Electrocardiography (ECG) (12-lead) a test to diagnose heart rhythm irregularities and arrhythmia's also to detect location & extent of heart attack Interventions-determine client ability to lie still, breath normally, & refrain from talking, document cardiac meds their taking
X-ray determines the size, outline, & position of heart, lungs, vessels can show fluid around lungs, pulmonary congestion\ Interventions-remove jewelry, not pregnant
Holter Monitor A 24 hr electrocardiography tracing while the pt performs daily living. Identifies dysrhythmias & effectiveness of antidysrythmics and pacemakers attaches to chest w/ 1-4 electrodes & carried on belt or shoulder strap Interventions-avoid baths, showers
Angiography Dye (contrast medium) is injected into blood vessels to see them better. Detects blockages Interventions-check for seafood, iodine, or radiopaque dye allergies- can be medicated w/ antihistimine & steroid. After check groin, injection site, must lay flat
Thoractomy Incision into chest
Pneumonectomy Surgical removal of pulmonary lobes in a lung
Bronchoscopy using a bronchoscope to inspect the interior of the tracheobronchial tree
Created by: mandylol1
 

 



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