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Diseases/Conditions

TermDefinition
Sarcoidosis Presence of epitheloid cell tubercles in the lungs cause unknown ^ in Africans and young adults Symptoms- night sweats, fever, weight loss, cough, skin nodules Interventions- corticosteroids, small nutritious meals, ^ fluids, monitor temp, rest.
Pneumothorax accumulation of air in the pleural space or a collapse of the lung on same side Symptoms-chest pain, SOB, tachypnea, cyanosis, dyspnea Interventions-nonporous dressing over open wound, admin O2, flowlers, monitor chest tube drainage and for emphysema.
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) Complication from some other condition leading to fluid in lungs and low O2 Symptoms-dyspnea, tachypnea, cyanosis, hypoxemia, decreased ABG levels and pulmonary compliance Interventions-admin O2, flowlers, restrict fluids, respiratory treatments
Chronic Obstuctive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) airway obstruction caused by chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis, or emphysema. From smoking, RTI, elderly Symptoms-cough, dyspnea, wheezing, crackles, weight loss, barrel chest, congestion, sputum Interventions-bronchodilator, immunizations, antibiotics
Pneumonia inflammation of the lung causes consolidation & exudation. community acquired or hospital acquired infectious is from bacteria, virus, fungi, protozoa noninfectious is from aspiration & inhalation Symptoms-chills, ^ temp, wheezes, rust colored sputum
Legionnaire's Disease bacterial infection caused by contaminated air conditions symptoms-^fever, chills, muscle aches, headache, dry cough, pleurisy, diarrhea Treatment-antibiotcs
Pulmonary Embolism An obstruction of the pulmonary artery caused by an embuli MEDICAL EMERGENCY Risk factors- immobilization, obesity, older, trauma to leg area, diseases Symptoms-dyspnea, chest pain, cyanosis, distended neck vein Interventions-admin O2, elevate head
Tuberculosis highly communicable chronic infectious lung disease Risk Factors- minoritys, elderly, under 5, immunocompromised Symptoms-fatigue, anorexia, weight loss, fever, night sweats, dry cough, blood sputum, chills, chest pain Interventions-tb med for 2-3 wks
Raynaud's Disease Causes arterial spasms of fingers, hands, feet, pain, numbness, discoloration unknown cause, can be from exposure to cold or stress in women 20-40 Symptoms-whiteness, cyanosis, red/purple one circulation restored Interventions-vasodilators, warm area
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) heart cant pump enough blood through body to maintain output & meet metabolic needs can cause pulmonary edema, congestion on lungs left sided fatigue, weakness, dizzy, SOB right sided fatigue, jugular vein distention, edema, weight gain meds-diureti
Myocardial Infarction (Heart Attack) blood flow is completely blocked in artery causing low O2 and death to some muscle. damage is permanent Symptoms-pain, SOB, fatigue, nausea, dizzy Interventions-range of motion, dangle legs, ambulation, antidysrhythmics, B-blockers
Angina chest pain form not enough blood flow & O2 to myocardium Symptoms-chest tightness, radiates to shoulders, arms, jaw, neck, back. lasts less then 5 min Interventions-admin O2 w/ nasal canula, semi-fowlers, nitroglycerin, nitrates, B-blockers, calcium CB
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) blockage of heart arteries w/ plaque causing less blood and O2 Interventions- teaching of expected outcomes, its for life, set goals, low sodium & fat diet, excerise, quit smoking Meds- nitrates, Calcium CB, B-blockers, cholesterol lowering
Buerger's Disease Inflammation of peripheral arteries & veins w/ clot formation. from long term tobacco, in upper & lower extremities. men 20-40 Symptoms-intense pain, severe @ night, low pulse, extremities are pale, cool, numb, tingling, red. possible amputation
Hiatal Hernia part of stomach moves through the diaphragm into the chest caused from weakness of diaphragm during pregnancy, obesity, tumors, heavy lifting Symptoms-heartburn, vomiting Interventions-small frequent meals, low liquids, no recline 1 hr after eating
Crohn's Disease Inflammatory disease anywhere in GI tract leading to thickening & scarring Symptoms-fever, cramps, diarrhea,abdominal distention, nausea, weight loss, anemia, dehydration, malnutrition
Diverticulitis outpouching of intestinal mucosa, common in colon Symptoms-left lower quadrant pain, coughing, nausea, cramps, abdominal distention, tenderness, blood in stools, temp Interventions-bed rest, clear liquids, gradual fiber diet, antibiotics, analgesics
Gonorrhea Contagious inflamation of genital mucous membrane
Bronchiectasis Dilation of bronchi, from inflammation or obstruction
Created by: mandylol1