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Head and facial trau

Function center of conscious thought, personality, speech, motor control, visual, auditory, and tactile perception. Cerebrum
Located under tentorium, function "fine tunes" motor control, allows smooth movement, balance, maintenance of muscle tone. Cerebellum
Central processing center, communication junction among the cerebrum, spinal cord, cranial nerves, and cerebellum. Brainstem.
Structures of the brain Midbrain Pons Medulla oblongata
What is the bulge in the top of the spinal cord with "centers"? Medulla oblongata
3 centers of Medulla oblongata and their function? Respiratory center-controls depth, rate and rhythm. Cardiac center-regulates rate and strength of cardiac contractions. Vasomotor center-distribution of blood, maintains BP.
Cranial injury Trauma must be extreme to fracture.
Basal skull Unprotected, spaces weaken structure, relatively easier to fracture.
Signs of basal skull fracture? Battle signs. (Retroauricular ecchymosis) Racoon eyes. (Bilateral periorbital ecchymosis) May tear dura and permit CSF to drain from ears. May mediate rise in ICP.
Types of direct brain injury Coup Epidural hematoma Subdural hematoma Cerebral contusion
Injury at site of impact Coup brain injury
Injury on opposite side of impact. Contrecoup brain injury
Blunt Trauma to local brain tissue, capillary bleeding into the brain tissue. Common with Blunt head trauma. Focal brain injury could be a... Cerebral contusion.
Bleeding between dura matter and skull, involves ARTERIES. Rapid breathing &reduction of oxygen to tissues. Herniates brain toward foreman magnum. Epidural Hematoma
Bleeding within meninges, beneath dura mater and within subarachnoid space. Above pia matter. Slow bleeding. Signs progress over several days. Slow deterioration of mentation. VENOUS bleeding. Subdural Hematoma
Signs and symptoms of brain injury AMS. Alteration in personality. Amnesia. Cushing's reflux (increased BP. Bradycardia. Erratic respirations)
Signs and symptoms of brain injury in pediatric pt's Head can distort due to anterior and posterior fontanelles bulging. Slow progression of ICP. Intracranial hemorrhage contributes to hypovolemia.
Decreases ICP. 10mg/kg IVP Lidocaine
Created by: Mistymedic