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Infection Control-AG

Infection control

What is the smallest microorganism that can only be seen through an electron microscope? Virus
When an organism is transmitted through personal contact with an inanimate object, such as contaminated blood, the route of transmission is what? Indirect Contact
During which stage of infection is the person most infectious? Prodromal stage
What is a proctective mechanism that eliminates the invading pathogen and allows tissue repair to occur? Inflammatory Response
What is a natural reservoir for tetanus? Soil
Mrs. Jenkins is to have an indwelling urinary catheter inserted. What precaution should be taken for this procedure? Surgical Asepsis Technique
What are the steps to remove PPE correctly? Gloves, goggles/face shield,gown, mask/respirator
What are the correct steps in donning PPE? Gown, mask/respirator,goggles/face shield,gloves
_________ is a disease state that results from the presence of pathogens in or on the body. Infection
__________ are the most significant and most commonly observed infection-causing agents in healthcare institutions. Bacteria
Most bacteria require oxygen to live and grow and are therefore referred to as________. Aerobic
Athletes foot, ring worm, and yeast infections are caused by_____. Fungi
Microorganisms that commonly inhabit various body sites and are part of the body's natural defense system are referred to as_________. Normal Flora
The natural habitats of organisms such as humans, animals, soil, and food are examples of_____________. Reservoirs
The ___________ is the point at which organisms enter a new host. Portal of Entry
The body commonly responds to an antigen by producing an __________. Antibody
A __________-_________ ___________ is an infection not present on admission that certain patients in health agencies develop during the course of treatment for other conditions. Healthcare-associated Infection/Nosocomial
An infection that occurs as a result of treatment or diagnostic procedure Iatrogenic
An infection win which the causative organism is normally harbored within the patient. Endogenous
An infection caused by an organism acquired from other persons Exogenous
the most effective way to decrease the spread of infection is? Hand washing
A nurse wipes off a patients side table is called___________. Medical Asepsis Practice
A nurse wearing gloves when emptying a catheter is an example of ___________. Standard precautions
Infectious Agents are______,________,________,________ bacteria, virus, protozoa, fungi
Exit and entry portals skin, respiratory, and gastrointestinal tracts
The guidelines for minimum protection standards for infection prevention and control were initially developed by? CDC
an organisms ability to cause disease is_______. Virulence
Communicable disease Contagious Disease
Pathogen disease producing microorganisms
Means of transmission direct contact, indirect contact, airborne route
Anaerobic does not need oxygen
Lab Data that Indicates Infection Elevated WBC,Elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate,Presence of pathogen in urine, blood, sputum, or draining cultures
Reservoir where microorganisms survive, multiply and wait for transfer to a host. Examples. humans, animals, soil, food, water, milk, inanimate objects
Ideal Reservoir Warm, dark, moist environment
Portal of exit Route by which infectious agent leaves the reservoir and is transferred to susceptible host. Examples are respiratory(sputum, saliva), gastrointestinal( feces), Genitourinary (Urine),breaks in skin(wounds), blood and tissue
Means of Transmission How microorganism travels from reservoir to "new host".Examples are contact-direct physical transfer(STD), airborne-dust particles, droplet nuclei, vehicle-contaminated inanimate objects, vector borne-animal or insects
Portal of Entry Route of entry into "new host" Examples are integumentary system (skin), Respiratory tract-inhale into nose throat, gastrointestinal tract- fecal or oral route(unsanitary water), circulatory system- finger sticks/Iv's and catheters, placental
Created by: agoin182