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Science Exam 2017

TermDefinition
Amino Acids molecules that are the building blocks of proteins
Antibiotics medicines that kill microorganisms, especially bacteria
Bacteria tiny organisms that are made of a single cell
Cells the tiny structures that make up all living things and are the smallest units able to perform life functions
Cellular Respiration the chemical reaction between oxygen and glucose that releases energy into cells
Circulatory System the body system that transports molecules to and from all cells of the body
Claim a proposed answer to a question about the natural world
Digestive System the body system that takes in food and breaks it down
Energy the ability to make things move or change
Evidence information about the natural world that is used to support or go against (refute) a claim
Feature a characteristic that all members of a species have
Function how something works
Glucose a molecule that organisms can use to release energy, and that is made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms
Infection sickness caused by harmful microorganisms
Metabolism the body's use of molecules for energy and growth
Microbiome all of the microorganisms that live in a particular environment, such as a human body
Microorganism an organism that is too small to be seen with the naked eye
Microscopic too small to be seen with the naked eye
Molecule a group of atoms joined together in a particular way
Organisms living things, such as plants, animals, and bacteria
Proteins a category of large molecules that perform important functions inside living things
Reasoning the process of making clear how your evidence supports your claim
Respiratory System the body system that takes in oxygen and releases carbon dioxide
Scale the relative size of things
Scientific Argument a claim supported by evidence
Starch a type of energy storage molecule made of many glucose molecules connected together
Structure the way something is shaped or constructed
System a set of interacting parts forming a complex whole
Trait a specific characteristic of an individual organism
Variation any difference in traits between individual organisms
how is a fecal transplant useful to a patient If a patient has room for bad bacteria after taking antibiotics, fecal transplants can fill up the empty room with helpful bacteria
why does diabetes make people feel tired diabetes causes little to no insulin to be made, causing less starch to be broken down into glucose which combines with oxygen to make energy
how do the cells in the body use starch and protein first, the proteins and starch are broken down into amino acids and glucose respectively.They are then transported to the cells. Glucose is then combined with oxygen to make energy.Amino acids are reformed into proteins and used for growth and repair
What were the three criteria for the internship and why were they important keep costs low, so as many people can be served as possible.Meet the metabolic needs of the people, so they can get energy or growth and repair from proteins and carbohydrates.Make it taste good, so people will eat them.
Created by: Amowery19