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Evolution

science

TermDefinition
Analogous structures pertain to the various structures in different species having the same function but have evolved separately, they do not share the same ancestor.
Biological classification is the process by which scientist group living organisms. organisms are classified based on how similar they are.
Charles Darwin A British naturalist of the nineteenth century
Extinct having no living members
Homologous structures is an example of an organ or bone that appears in different animals, underlining anatomical commonalities demonstrating descent from a common ancestor.
vestigial structures are often homologous to structures that are functioning normally in other spaces.
adaption adapting to something / getting used to something or someone
convergent boundaries a tectonic boundary where two plates are moving toward each other
divergent boundaries divergent plate boundary a tectonic plate boundary where two plates are moving away from each other and new crust is forming from magma that rises to the earths surface between the two plates.
Genetic variation different genes
morphological relating to the form or structure of things
phenotype the set of observable characteristics of an individual resulting from the interaction of its genotype with the environment
genotype the genetic construction of an individual organism
plate tectonics is the theory that the outer rigid layer of the earth is divided into a couple of dozen "plates".
species a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals
mimicry the action of imitating someone of something typically in order to entertain
camouflage hide something
traits a distinguishing quality or characteristic typically one belonging to a person
transform boundaries are places where plates slide sideways past each other
variation a change or difference in condition, amount or level, typically with certain limits
natural selection the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to the difference in phenotype it is a key mechanism of evolution.
Created by: Emma_Hess101
 

 



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