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Alternative Energy

Vocabulary

DefintitionTerm
energy resources that are used in place of or to supplement fossil fuels alternative energy
energy generated through the processing of renewable plant and animal materials biofuels
energy from underground heat of Earth geothermal energy
energy generated for heat and electricity using the power of falling water or water moving through a dam hydroelectric energy
energy from the Sun in the form of light or heat solar energy
energy generated from the movement of air wind energy
natural resources of Earth that will not run out or can be replaced in a reasonable amount of time renewable resources
natural resources of Earth that are used up at a rate faster than they can be replaced nonrenewable resources
a renewable energy source from organic material, such as wood, that is burned to release heat energy biomass
a machine used to convert mechanical energy into electrical energy generator
a machine with spinning blades used to convert mechanical energy to electrical energy turbine
panels designed to absorb sunlight that is used to generate heat or electricity solar panels
to cause a change in form Example: Turbine blades spin to ______________ mechanical energy to electrical energy. convert
a facility where electrical power is generated for distribution power plant
a barrier built to hold back water dam
a large natural or manmade lake used as a water supply for human use reservoir
a colorless flammable liquid which is produced from the fermentation of sugars in plant materials ethanol
the chemical breakdown of sugars in plant materials to produce ethyl alcohol fermentation
a vent in Earth’s surface that erupts hot water or steam geysers
pools of hot water on Earth’s surface resulting from geothermal activity beneath the surface hot springs
openings in Earth’s crust that allow lava, volcanic ash and gases to escape volcanoes
to make or to manufacture from raw materials produce
Created by: Plainview 5th