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Cells Review

Cells and Microscope

What characteristics do living things share? reproduce, grow and develop, need energy, respond to stimuli (move), have cells
What is an organism? any living thing
Organelle small parts of a cell
Cell smallest part of livinv things
Prokaryotic Cell example is bacteria. Cell that does NOT have a membrane around its nucleus
Eukaryotic cell plants and animals. Cells that HAVE membranes around their nucleus
Cell membrane lets things in/out of the cell
Cell wall in a plant cell only; offers protection and support for the plant cell
Nucleus the "boss" of the cell that directs the activities of the cell
chromosomes or DNA genetic material that make us who we are; found in the nucleus
Cytoplasm gel-like fluid in the cell
chloroplast organelle that uses sun's energy in a plant cell only to create food
Vacuole in both plants and animals but much larger in the plant; stores water, nutrients and waste
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) transportation channels in the cell
Golgi Bodies packages, arranges, organizes things to go outside of the cell
What is the difference between smooth and rough ER? Rough ER has ribosomes on it
What 2 places in the cell are ribosomes found? in the cytoplasm floating around and on the rough ER
What is chlorophyll? the green chemical, or pigment, that makes leaves green. Exists in the chloroplasts of plant cells
Nucleolus center pit of the cell
What do plant cells have that animal cells do not? cell wall, chloroplast, and larger vacuoles
How does a cell's shape match its function Lots of cells are shaped for their job. Red blood cells look like fun innertubes, nerve cells have long tendrils coming off them, plant cells are rigid
Mitochondria powerhouse of the cell; converts food and other materials into energy for the cell's processes
What 3 parts do all cells have? nucleus, cell membrane, and cytoplasm
Created by: kpicicco27
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