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Cells and Microscope

QuestionAnswer
What parts of the microscope do you hold? arm and base
What part of the microscope holds the microscope slide in place? stage clips
What is the name of the black platform on the microscope ? stage
What adjustment knob should always be used first? coarse adjustment knob
What adjustment knob gives a crisper, clearer, and more precise view of the specimen? fine adjustment knob
What part of the microscope does my eye look through in order to see the specimen? eye piece
What is the name of the plastic square that goes over a microscopes slide? cover slip
What angle does the cover slip get placed over the microscope slide at? 45 degree angle
What is the power of the red objective? 4x
What is the power of the yellow objective lens? 10x
What is the power of the eye piece alone 10x
What is the power of the blue objective lens? 40x
What is the magnification of the red objective? 40x
What is the magnification of the yellow objective? 100x
What is the magnification of the blue objective? 400x
What part of the microscope lets light in/out? diaphragm
What happens to an image when you view it under the microscope upside down; left is right, right is left
What characteristics do living things share? reproduce, grow and develop, need energy, respond to stimuli (move), have cells
What is an organism? any living thing
Organelle small parts of a cell
Cell smallest part of livinv things
Prokaryotic Cell example is bacteria. Cell that does NOT have a membrane around its nucleus
Eukaryotic cell plants and animals. Cells that HAVE membranes around their nucleus
Cell membrane lets things in/out of the cell
Cell wall in a plant cell only; offers protection and support for the plant cell
Nucleus the "boss" of the cell that directs the activities of the cell
chromosomes or DNA genetic material that make us who we are; found in the nucleus
Cytoplasm gel-like fluid in the cell
chloroplast organelle that uses sun's energy in a plant cell only to create food
Vacuole in both plants and animals but much larger in the plant; stores water, nutrients and waste
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) transportation channels in the cell
Golgi Bodies packages, arranges, organizes things to go outside of the cell
What is the difference between smooth and rough ER? Rough ER has ribosomes on it
What 2 places in the cell are ribosomes found? in the cytoplasm floating around and on the rough ER
What is chlorophyll? the green chemical, or pigment, that makes leaves green. Exists in the chloroplasts of plant cells
Nucleolus center pit of the cell
What do plant cells have that animal cells do not? cell wall, chloroplast, and larger vacuoles
How does a cell's shape match its function Lots of cells are shaped for their job. Red blood cells look like fun innertubes, nerve cells have long tendrils coming off them, plant cells are rigid
Mitochondria powerhouse of the cell; converts food and other materials into energy for the cell's processes
What 3 parts do all cells have? nucleus, cell membrane, and cytoplasm
Created by: kpicicco27