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proficiency quiz 3


Energy the ability to do work
Kinetic Energy the energy of motion
Chemical energy potential energy that is available for release in a chemical reaction
Metabolism The total of an organism's chemical reactions
Phosphorylation moving a phosphate from one thing and giving it to another
enzyme proteins that function as biological catalysts, increasing the rate of a reaction without being consumed by the reaction
calorie kilocalorie - units of energy
Cellular respiration a chemical process that uses oxygen to convert the chemical energy stored in fuel molecules to a form of chemical energy that can be used by the cell to preform work
Redox reactions the movement of electrons from one molecule to another is an oxidation-reduction reaction (redox reaction for short)
Oxidation / Reduction OIL RIG Oxidation- the loss of electrons. Reduction - the addition of electrons
NAD+ and NADH, dehydrogenase
electron transport chain
Citric acid cycle (Krebs)
Oxidative Phosphorilation
ATP synthase
ATP (adenosine triphosphate) powers nearly all forms of cell work
Substrate level phosphorylation
acetyl coA a high- energy fuel molecule for the citric acid cycle
mitochondrial matrix
inner mitochondrial membrane (cristae)
inner membrane space
proton gradient
products and reactants
fermentation / anaerobic
specific heat .
potential energy stored energy
Created by: cosettegiroux