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proficiency quiz 3

biology

TermDefinition
Energy the ability to do work
Kinetic Energy the energy of motion
Chemical energy potential energy that is available for release in a chemical reaction
Metabolism The total of an organism's chemical reactions
Phosphorylation moving a phosphate from one thing and giving it to another
enzyme proteins that function as biological catalysts, increasing the rate of a reaction without being consumed by the reaction
Calorie
calorie kilocalorie - units of energy
Cellular respiration a chemical process that uses oxygen to convert the chemical energy stored in fuel molecules to a form of chemical energy that can be used by the cell to preform work
Redox reactions the movement of electrons from one molecule to another is an oxidation-reduction reaction (redox reaction for short)
Oxidation / Reduction OIL RIG Oxidation- the loss of electrons. Reduction - the addition of electrons
NAD+ and NADH, dehydrogenase
electron transport chain
Glycolysis
Citric acid cycle (Krebs)
Oxidative Phosphorilation
Chemiosmosis
ATP synthase
ATP (adenosine triphosphate) powers nearly all forms of cell work
Substrate level phosphorylation
acetyl coA a high- energy fuel molecule for the citric acid cycle
FADH2
mitochondrial matrix
inner mitochondrial membrane (cristae)
inner membrane space
proton gradient
products and reactants
fermentation / anaerobic
specific heat .
potential energy stored energy
Created by: cosettegiroux