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Anatomy Final

QuestionAnswer
Antidiuretic Hormone a relatively small molecule released by the pituitary gland that has an antidiuretic action that prevents the production of dilute urine
Bile emulsifies fats; it makes lipase to digest the fats, it can't actually digest anything
Carboxypeptidase an enzyme synthesized in the pancreas and secreted in the small intestine that is involved with breaking down protein
Cholecystokinin peptide hormone of the gastrointestinal system responsible for stimulating pancreas to release enzymes that are involved with the digestion of fat & protein
Cerebellum smaller structure posterior & inferior to the cerebral hemispheres. It plays an important role in motor control, & it may also be involved in some cognitive functions but its movement-related functions are the most solidly established
Cholera an infectious & often fatal bacterial disease of the small intestine, typically contracted from infected water supplies & causing severe vomiting & diarrhea
Diabetes Insipidus a condition characterized by large amounts of dilute urine & increased thirst due to a lack of antidiuretic hormone
Diabetes Mellitus occur when the body doesn't produce insulin or cell's sensitivity toward insulin decreased, causing blood sugar to increase in the blood stream. It is also characterized by polyuria & thirst but urine is concentrated with sugar
Diencephalon contains the thalamus & hypothalamus; thalamus (relay & processing center of sensory information) hypothalamus (center controlling emotions, autonomic functions & hormone production)
Diverticula increased pressure pushes the wall of the colon outward at a certain weak point
Diverticulitis an inflammation or infection in one or more small pouches in the digestive tract
E Coli a bacterium in the large intestine that ferments the food producing vitamin K, which is essential for blood clotting
Ectoderm the outermost later of cells or tissue of an embryo in early development, or the parts derived from this, which include the epidermis & nerve tissues
Emulsify the breakdown of fat globules in the duodenum into tiny droplets, which provides a larger surface area on which the enzyme pancreatic lipase can act to digest the fats into fatty acids & glycerol
Endoderm the innermost layer of cells or tissue of an embryo in early development, or the parts derived from this, which include the lining of the gut & associated structures
Erythropoietin (EPO) a hormone released from the kidneys, when oxygen levels decrease; stimulates erythropoiesis (red blood cell formation) in red bone marrow
Feces bodily wastes discharged through the anus
Gastrin stimulates the production of pepsin; it increases mobility of the stomach; it churns the food within the stomach
Gluconeogenesis the generation of glucose from non-carbohydrate carbon substrates such as lactate, glycerol, & glycogenic amino acids
Haustra pockets that slow down the movement of food in the large intestine to allow the absorption of water
Prosencephalon the forebrain
Pyloric Sphincter a band of smooth muscle at the junction between the pylorus of the stomach & the duodenum of the small intestine
Renin an enzyme secreted by & stored in the kidneys that promotes the production of the protein angiotensin
Rhombencephalon the most caudal of the three primary vesicles formed in embryonic development of the brain, which later divides into the metencephalon & the myelencephalon
Salivary Amylase a digestive enzyme produced largely by the salivary glands that converts starches to sugars
Secretin hormone that regulates secretions in the stomach, pancreas & liver
Segmentation these movements churn & fragment the digestive material, mixing the contents with intestinal secretions
Superior Colliculus a paired structure of the midbrain. it is important in terms of function as the primary integrating center for visual reflexes
Taenia Coli are 3 separate longitudinal ribbons of smooth muscle on the outside of the ascending, transverse, descending & sigmoid colons
Telencephalon forms the cerebrum, which possesses the paired cerebral hemispheres that dominates the superior & lateral surfaces of the adult brain
Created by: jenessaaa27