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biology chimestry

TermDefinition
Mono one
DI two
De to remove/ take away
Poly many
ose sugar
ase enzyme
saccharide sugar
hydro/a water
Dehydrate to remove water
Lysis to "break" down
Synthesis to build or put together
Glyo sweet
Hydrolysis breaking something down with water
Dehydration Synthesis putting something together by removing the water
Inorganic compounds compounds having either carbon or hydrogen
Organic compouds compounds having both carbon and hydrogen
Lipids ( fats ) organic molecules that can't be dissolved in water. They are made of glycerol & fatty acids
Proteins organic molecules that are needed for growth are repair & are made of chains of amino acids.
Carbohydrates organic compounds that are the main source of energy for the body & made of simple sugars.
Nucleic Acids organic substances found in organism. They are made of nucleotides.
Amino Acids subunits or building blocks of proteins
Peptide molecule composed of two or more amino acids in a chain
Enzymes organic molecules that control the rate/ speed of chemical reactions
Catalyst compound that speeds up or slows down chemical reaction
Denature changing the shape of the enzyme
DNA hereditary material in the nucleus of almost every cell
RNA nucleic acid that assist DNA in making protein
Monomer molecule that makes up the subunit of a polymer (ex. glucose+glucose)
Polymer macromolecule (BIG) made up of many monomers
Glycogen molecule in which glucose is stored in the liver
Created by: Darylen
 

 



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