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vocab 5

TermDefinition
mono one
di two
moly many
de to remove or take away
ose sugar
ase enzyme
saccharide sugar
hydro/a water
dehydrate to remove water
lysis to break down
synthesis to build or put together
glyco sweet
hydrolysis break down something with water
dehydration synthesis putting something together by removing water
inorganic compounds compounds having either hydrogen or carbon
organic compounds compounds having both hydrogen and carbon
lipids organic molecules that cant be dissolved in water
protein organic compounds that consist of large molecules composed of one or more long chains of amino acids and are an essential part of all living organisms
carbohydrates organic compounds that are the main source of energy for the body and simple sugars
nucleic acids organic substances that are found in organisms that are made up of nucleotides
amino acids building block of protein
peptide molecules composed of two or more amino acid in a chain
enzymes a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction.
catalyst a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing any permanent chemical change.
denature changing the shape of the enzyme
dna DNA is a molecule that contains the instructions an organism needs to develop, live and reproduce.
rna a molecule consisting of a long linear chain of nucleotides
monomer a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to form a polymer.
polymer a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly or entirely of a large number of similar units bonded together
glycogen a substance deposited in bodily tissues as a store of carbohydrates. It is a polysaccharide that forms glucose on hydrolysis
Created by: sherton14
 

 



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