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Biochemistry

TermDefinition
Hydrolysis Breaking something down with water
Dehydration synthesis Putting something together by removing the water
Inorganic compounds Compounds having either carbon or hydrogen
Organic compounds Compounds having
Lipids Organic molecules that can't be dissolved in water. They are made of glycerol and fatty acids.
Proteins Organic molecules that are needed for growth and repair and are made of chains of amino
Carbohydrates Organic compounds that are the main source of energy for body and made of simple sugars
Nucleic Acids Organic substances found in organisms. They are made of nucleotides.
Amino Acids Subunits or building blocks of proteins
Peptide Molecule composed of two or more amino acids in a chain
Enzymes Organic molecules that control the rate/speed of chemical reactions
Catalyst Compounds that speed up or slows down chemical reaction
Denature Changing the shape of the enzyme
DNA Hereditary material in the nucleus of almost every cell
RNA Nucleic acid that assist DNA in making protein
Monomer Molecule that makes up the subunit of a polymer ( EX : glucose + glucose )
Polymer Macromolecule ( BIG ) made up of many monomers
Glycogen Molecule in which glucose is stored in the liver
Created by: Lavay