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Science Bacteria

QuestionAnswer
Who first discovered bacteria? In what year? Dutch merchant named Anton von Leeuwenhoek in the LATE 1600s
Are bacteria prokaryotes or eukaryotes? Bacteria are prokaryotes
Is their genetic material contained by a nucleus? No. They do not have a nucleus.
What are the 6 parts of bacteria? cell wall, cell membrane, ribosomes, cytoplasm, genetic material, and flagellum
define cell wall a rigid wall that protects the cell
define cell membrane controls what materials pass in and out of the cell.
define cytoplasm the area inside the cell wall that contains a gel like fluid that moves structures throughout the cell
define ribosomes chemical factories where proteins are produced
define flagellum a long, whip like structure that helps the cell to move
what are the three basic shape types of bacterial cells? spherical, rod-like, and spiral
what unit of length are bacteria measured in? micrometers (one millionth of a meter)
What are the two ways that bacteria can reproduce? asexually and sexually
The process of breaking down food to release energy is called______ cellular respiration
asexual reproduction is the process called binary fission
sexual reproduction is the process of conjugation
a small rounded, thick-walled resting cell that forms inside a bacterial cell to protect it in harsh conditions is called _________ an endospore
what produces oxygen? autotrophic bacteria
delaying food spoilage is the process of pasteurization
Created by: IsabellaDay