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Cell Division

Life Science

TermDefinition
chromosomes thread-like structures made of protein and DNA that contain the instructions for building, maintaining, and operating a cell
cell cycle repeating series of stages a dividing cell goes through
mitosis a process of division of the genetic material (chromosomes) of a eukaryotic cell in which each of the two resulting nuclei receives a complete set of chromosomes that is the same as in the parent cell
cytokinesis the stage of the cell cycle in which the membrane-enclosed cytoplasm of the cell divides to form two cells
daughter cell During mitosis, the genetic material inside the nucleus divides. Each daughter cell must have an exact copy of exactly the same genetic material as the parent cell.
DNA synthesis copies DNA during the 'S' phase of the cell cycle
meiosis a type of cell division in which the resulting cells have half the chromosome number of the parent
chromatids the place where two sister chromatids join in a chromosome before it divides during mitosis or meiosis
'sister' chromatids the first phase of mitosis, in which the chromosomes coil and become more compac
spindle all the spindle fibers considered together
metaphase the second phase of mitosis, in which the chromosomes arrange in a plane at the middle of the cell
anaphase the second phase of mitosis, in which the chromosomes arrange in a plane at the middle of the cell
telophase the fourth and final stage of mitosis, in which the chromosomes reach two sides of a cell and are incorporated into two new nuclei
Created by: kmaddix