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Skin, Hair & Nails

Physical Assessment - Siedel's

5 common locations of pressure ulcers elbows, heels, sacrum (coccyx, ischial tuberosity), hips
non-contagious skin infection caused by staphylococcus and streptococcus cellulitis
PA findings for cellulitis redness, warmth, edema; found mostly on arms and legs
ringworm cause by? describe? caused by fungus; ring-shaped rash that can spread
special consideration for ringworm? pt in contact isolation
fiery red rash commonly found in groin and skin fold fungal rash
fungal (yeast) infection of mucuos membranes that looks like white plaque oral candidiasis (Thrush)
Those at risk for oral candidiasis immunosuppressed pt or pt taking anitobiotics
buildup of unconjugated bilirubin in skin jaundice
what organs are responsible for jaundice? gallbladder and liver
Special place to check for jaundice is the? sclera
indicates systemic lupus erythematosis SLE malar butterfly rash
characteristics of malar butterfly rash scaly and maculopapular; raised and flat sections
indicates Lyme disease and situated to one location and usually doesn't spread bulls eye rash
Three types of skin cancer? 1. basal cell carcinoma 2. squamous cell carinoma 3. melanoma
Most dangerous form of skin cancer melanoma
PA assessment of melanoa Asymmetry, Border, Color, Diameter, Evolution *diameter larger than 6mm
pertaining to skin lesions, what is primary? pathologic
What is a secondary skin lesion? trauma or injury to lesion
Macule flat area of color <1cm freckles
examples of macule lentigo and petechiae
sun and aging spots commonly on arms, legs, face lentigo
petechiae? red or purple, minor hemorrhage causes;
if petechiae is found on chest, what is it called? pulmonary embolism
Created by: spham