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World Culture 11/20

name one greek gods/goddesses/monsters/heroes and describe them. 1. Prometheus- god of fire. he donated fire to all humans. zeus killed him because he wasn't allowed to give them fire.
name one greek gods/goddesses/monsters/heroes and describe them. 2. Echo- she is a nymph, she is very talkative and hera blamed her for having an affair with zeus, so hera cursed her to only say the last few words spoken to her. she fell in love with narcissus.
name one greek gods/goddesses/monsters/heroes and describe them. 3. Demeter- goddess of harvest, agriculture and fertility. she is sister to zeus. her brother kidnapped and married her daughter, Persephone. Persephone could only see her mother for 3 months, twice a year (seasons)
Why did the theatre originate in ancient Greece? The ancient Greeks wanted to praise the god Dionysus, the god of wine. They also did it for entertainment.
Whowere some of the great writers? Sophocles, Aeschylus, and Euripides
What types of plays were there in the theatre? There were comedies, and tragedies (drama).
What is the Doric? The doric is the earliest form of the columns. They were pieced together when they were created. They had a rounded plain top. Frieze (top horizontal piece) is ornamented.
What is the Ionic Order? The ionic was the "middle" (between doric and Corinthian). The ionic has a scrolled comumn top. Frieze is empty. The corinve (or roof) has dental work, or no ornaments on it.
What is the Corinthian Order? The Corinthian is the more modern column. It has a well ornamented. They have more organic designs on top of the columns (leaves,fruit) The freize is empty but the dental work is more ornate.
Why did the Olympics begin? They started because they wanted to honor the greek gods, especially Zeus.
When did the Olympics begin? The Olympic Games started in 776 B.C.
Where did the Olympics start? They started in Olympia Greece.
What were the event of the ancient Olympics? They had running, long jump, javelin, boxing, and wrestling.
What were the rules of boxing? Someone had to either give up or die in order to stop playing.
What were the rules of Picrate (wrestling) No biting, and no eye gouging.
Who is Cleisthenes? He created the Council of 500.
Aristotle Student of Plato. Created some steps of the scientific method while he classified plants and animals. Aristotle compared 158 constitutions of the Greek cities to point out the good and bad in them. He taught Alexander the Great.
Herodotus A greek poet
Artistarchus He created the Heliocentric theory (the sun revolves around the earth)
Solon He was an Athenian statemen
Leonidas king of Sparta, got killed in battle
Plato Student of Socrates, and he wrote about him. The Apology tells about the last days of Socrates's life. He wrote the Republic about the ideal oligarch state. He also wrote a story on the lost Atlantis city.
Socrates Athenian who was guided by an inner voice. He created the Socratic Method. He questioned all things and spread the word. He got brought to trial for corrupting the youth. He was sentenced to drink poison.
Pheidipedes He was the man who stated "Nike" when returning from Marathon to Athens. Nike means victory. When he came back, he died from possibly dehydration.
Archimedes mathematician and inventor of practical technology
Themistocles Athenian Naval Commander
Philip of Macedon He conquered the greek city states, starting in 359 B.C. but died before he finished.
Alexander the Great Son of Philip of Macedon who conquered the know world, defeated the Persian empire, and spread Greek culture. He had determination and leadership qualities.
Euclid formed the fundamentals of geometry
Draco harsh code of law. Death for almost all infractions
Democracy elected representatives of one state
Assembly a group of people gathered in one place for a specific purpose
Council of 500 a government by the people, for the people, and with the people.
legislature the job that passes laws
Created by: cmccloskey15



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