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7th U 3-1 Science

Organic Fuels

QuestionAnswer
The molecule adenosine triphosphate, or ___, transports chemical energy within the cell. ATP
Three types of large food molecules are __, __, and __. Proteins, sugars, and fats
The process of breaking down food to produce energy rich ATP molecules is called ___. Cellular respiration
Photosynthetic organisms such as ___ use the sun's light energy, carbon dioxide, and water to make energy-rich sugar molecules that the plant cells can use later. Plants
Cellular respiration happens in the mitochondria of ___ cells and in the cytoplasm of prokaryotic cells. Eukaryotic
___ molecules store energy in a form that body cells can use directly. ATP
As ATP breaks down, it releases ___ in a form cells can use. Energy
Large molecules store lots of chemical energy. Energy is released when these bonds are broken during ___. Digestion
Cellular respiration happens in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells and in the cytoplasm of ___ cells. Prokaryotic
___ happens in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells and in the cytoplasm of prokaryotic cells. Cellular respiration
___ are large organic molecules that determine the genetic traits of organisms. Nucleic acids
Cellular respiration happens in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells and in the __ of prokaryotic cells. Cytoplasm
Large ___ store lots of chemical energy. Energy is released when these bonds are broken during digestion. Molecules
As your body digests proteins, they break down into amino acids. In the cell, free amino acids join together with the help of ___ to make cell proteins. Ribosomes
Name three types of food that are proteins. Eggs, fish, meat, nuts and legumes
Large molecules store lots of __. Energy is released when these bonds are broken during digestion. This process of breaking down food to produce energy rich ATP molecules is called cellular respiration. Cellular respiration happen in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells and in the cytoplasm of prokaryotic cells. ATP
A simple ___ such as the fruit sugar fructose, is made of only one type of sugar molecule. Carbohydrates
Large molecules store lots of ATP. Energy is released when these bonds are broken during digestion. This process of breaking down food to produce energy rich ATP ___ is called cellular respiration. Cellular respiration happen in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells and in the cytoplasm of prokaryotic cells. Molecules
___ are needed in the body for growth, repair, transport and digestion. They are also an important part of the cell membrane. Proteins
An ___ is a chemical compound that contains carbon atoms. All organic compounds must contain carbon atoms. Organic compound
Complex carbohydrates, called starches, are found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Starches are made up of many simple ___molecules linked together. Sugar
Molecules including sugars, starches and fiber are ___. Carbohydrates
Large molecules store lots of ___ energy. Energy is released when these bonds are broken during digestion. Chemical
Proteins are needed in the body for ___, ___, transport and digestion. They are also an important part of the cell membrane. Growth, repair
An organic compound is a __ compound that contains carbon atoms. All organic compounds must contain carbon atoms. Chemical
___ is a carbon-containing compounds that are not considered organic. Carbon monoxide
Large molecules store lots of __. Energy is released when these bonds are broken during digestion. This process of breaking down food to produce energy rich ATP molecules is called cellular respiration. Chemical energy
All __ are composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen. ___ are large molecules made up of smaller molecules called amino acids. Proteins
An organic compound is a chemical compound that contains ___ atoms. All organic compounds must contain ___ atoms. Carbon
___, called starches, are found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Starches are made up of many simple sugar molecules linked together. Complex carbohydrates
Large molecules store lots of ATP. Energy is released when these bonds are broken during __. This process of breaking down food to produce energy rich ATP molecules is called cellular respiration. Cellular respiration happen in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells and in the cytoplasm of prokaryotic cells. Digestion
An organic compound is a chemical compound that contains ___ atoms. All organic compounds must contain ___ atoms. Proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids
__ such as proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids are organic molecules. Nutrients
All proteins are composed of carbon, __, __, and ___. Hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen
All proteins are composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen. Proteins are large molecules made up of smaller molecules called ___. As your body digests proteins, they break down into ___. Amino acids
Large molecules store lots of ATP. Energy is released when these bonds are broken during digestion. This process of breaking down food to produce energy rich ATP molecules is called ___. ___ happen in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells and in the cytoplasm of prokaryotic cells. Cellular respiration
Nutrients such as proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids are __molecules. Organic
Organic compounds usually contain other elements besides carbon. ___ is the most common element bonded to carbon in organic compounds. Hydrogen
Complex carbohydrates, called ___, are found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. ___ are made up of many simple sugar molecules linked together. Starches
___ release more energy than simple carbohydrates do when they get broken down in the body. Complex carbohydrates
Fats are usually solid, and lipids are ___. Certain lipids act as signaling molecules inside cells. These lipids carry information between cells. They are also energy storage molecules in animal and plant cells. Liquids
Glycogen, a type of complex carbohydrate, is an ___ molecule in certain body cells. Energy storage
___, a type of complex carbohydrate, is an energy storage molecule in certain body cells. Glycogen
Complex carbohydrates release more energy than___ do when they get broken down in the body. Simple carbohydrates
Molecules including fats, oils, waxes and phospholipids are called ___. They contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms arranged in branching chains. Lipids
A special type of lipid, called a ___. Informs the cell membrane and the membrane of organelles. They have a tail region that repels water like other lipids, and a head region that contains phosphorus and is attracted to water. Phospholipid
DNA and RNA are the two types of large molecules found in cells. __ are large organic molecules that determine the genetic traits of organisms. Nucleic Acids
___ are the two types of large molecules found in cells. Nucleic acids are large organic molecules that determine the genetic traits of organisms. DNA and RNA
Small units of nucleic acids are called ___. A strand of these bonded to a backbone of sugar and phosphate molecules forms a strand of DNA. Nucleotide
RNA molecules are also composed of nucleotides, phosphates, and sugar. RNA strands are shorter than DNA strands. The series of nucleotides in DNA act as a code to build RNA. The series of nucleotides in RNA is the code needed for cells to make specific ___. Proteins
Nucleic acids are large organic molecules that determine the ___traits of organisms. genetic
A special type of lipid, called a phospholipid, forms the cell membrane and the membrane of organelles. They have a tail region that repels __ like other lipids, and a head region that contains phosphorus and is attracted to water. Water
Cellular respiration happens in the __ of eukaryotic cells and in the cytoplasm of prokaryotic cells. Mitochondria
A molecule that cannot mix wiwth water is called a ___. Lipid
Created by: PRO Teacher wmeeks