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Cytology Vocabulary

hi

TermDefinition
Cytology The branch of science under life science that deals with the study of cell structure, function and chemistry
cell The smallest unit of living things. It is made up of a substance called protoplasm
Organelle membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a distinct process within the cell
Organism any individual living thing
Unicellular has only one cell
Multi-cellular has many cells
Prokaryotic does not have a true nucleus
Prokaryotes a microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a distinct nucleus with a membrane
Eukaroytic has a true nucleus
Eukaryotes an organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the genetic material is DNA
cell theory organisms are made by cells, all cells come from other cells,and cells are the most basic unit of life
virus infectious particle made only of strands of either dna or rna
tissues group of cells that work together
organs group of differnet types of tissues that work together
Diffusion/Passive transport Dissolved substances have to pass through the cell membrane
Osmosis diffusion of water molecules
Active transport the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane
Semi-permeable A membrane that is selectively permeable
Phagocytosis uptake of a soild particle into a cell
Pinocytosis the ingestion of liquid into a cell
Created by: Miguel15