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Bacteria Terms

Bacteria Bacteria are prokaryotes. The genetic material in their cells is not contained in a nucleus.
Cytoplasm Inside of the cell membrane. Contains a gel-like fluid that moves structures throughout the cell.
Ribosomes Located in the cytoplasm. Chemical factories where proteins are produced.
Flagellum A long, whiplike structure that helps a cell to move.
How do bacteria get food? Either making food or eating other organisms.
Do they reproduce sexually or asexually? Both
Cellular Respiration The process of breaking down food to release energy.
Binary Fission One cell divides to form two identical cells.
Conjugation One bacterium transfers some of is genetic material into another bacterium through a thin, threadlike bridge.
Endospore rounded, thick-walled resting cell that forms inside of a bacterium.
Bacteria are involved in oxygen and food production, in health maintenance and medicine production, and in environmental cleanup and recycling: True or False True
Pasteurization The food is heated to a temperature that is high enough to kill most harmful bacteria, without changing the taste of the food.
Decomposers Organsims that break down large, complex chemicals in dead organisms into small, simple chemicals.
Created by: jcasabon



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