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Anchors

Seamanship Midterm

TermDefinition
Anchor Aweigh The moment the anchor is broken from the ground and free from the sea bed it is this.
Anchor A-Cockbill Anchor is hanging vertically from the hawsepipe in preparation for letting go
Yankee International flag meaning anchor is dragging
catenary curve in the anchor chain
brought up The terms "come to" and "got her cable" mean the anchor is this.
Drop an anchor underfoot Letting an anchor go to the bottom then holding on to the brake.
Foul anchor Anchor is caught in an underwater obstruction
Foul Hawse Crossing of anchor cables when they are both used at the same time
Cross Occurs when the cables are foul hawse because ship has swung through 180 degrees
Elbow Occurs when the cables are foul hawse because ship has swung through 360 degree
Round turns Occurs when the cables are foul hawse because ship has swung through 720 degrees, or twice round
Grow When the exposed part of the chain above the surface expands towards the anchor, the cable is said to do this
Gyspy Vertical wheel on the windlass which the cable passes over
Hawse pipes Two pipes on either bow which hold the bow anchors
Hove in sight When the Anchor crown shackle breaks the water
Long stay A good length of cable is exposed on the horizontal
moored A vessel is this when she has two anchors down to the sea bed
render cable Apply the brake lightly so that when weight comes on the cable it will run out slowly
scope length of chain between the vessel and the sea bottom
15 fathoms length of a shackle of cable is 90 feet or this
fathom six feet
sheer angular movement of the vessel about the hawse pipe point
snub stop the cable running out by applying the brake
spurling pipes termed naval pipes in the royal navy. the cable passes from these pipes through the windlass or cable holder to the cable locker
tide rode a vessel is said to be doing this if it is riding at anchor head to tide
up and down Anchor is said to be this when the angle the cable makes with the water surface is ninety degrees - usually just before anchors aweigh
veer cable to pay out cable under power, by walking out the gypsy of the windlass
walk back the anchor Lower the anchor under power
wind rode vessel is said to be this when riding at anchor head to wind
yaw vessel is doing this when, at anchor, she moves to port and starboard of the anchor position under the influence of wind and/or tide.
kedge Stern anchor
stern anchor used to prevent ship from rotating with change of tide where there’s not much room to swing.
anchor certificate After the test on the anchor is completed, this will be awarded
admirality pattern anchor Known as the fisherman's anchor
admirality cast anchor A stockless anchor with twice the holding power of conventional stockless anchors
bruce anchor This type of anchor is self orienting. As it engages the sea bed, it rolls upright
plough This type of anchor is generally used as a mooring anchor for small vessels
Created by: holly-kakes
 

 



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