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Gr. 8 Geography

Unit 1 November 2017

What are the 3 types of settlement patterns? Linear Scattered Clustered
What is a Linear Settlement Pattern? When settlement is established in a line like pattern. This has commonly occurred along major waterways
What is a Scattered Settlement Pattern? When settlement has been established in an area where living conditions make it difficult to support a large amount of people. So people must settle far apart from each other.
What is a Clustered Settlement Pattern? When settlements are established very close to each other, with many people living together.
What is Population Density? Average for a country of how many people live in a square kilometre (or mile) of land.
What is the calculation for Population Density? It is calculated by dividing the population of a country by its area.
What are the 3 population categories? Sparse Moderate Dense
What is the definition of Sparse Population Density? 14 or less people per square kilometre. Small population in comparison to land area. (Canada, Australia, Greenland)
What is the definition of Moderate Population Density? 15-149 people per square kilometre. Medium population size in comparison to their land area. (China, South Africa, United States)
What is the definition of Dense Population Density? 150 or more people per square kilometre. Small land area in comparison to large populations. (India, Monaco, South Korea) Countries w/high pop densities usually have more desirable physical features (moderate climate, flat lands)& rich natural resource
What is Birth Rate? number of live births per one thousand people in a certain area each year.
What are demographics? Population statistics for a certain area including age, sex, income, education etc.
What is Death Rate? The number of deaths per one thousand people in a certain area each year.
What is Doubling Time? The amount of time it takes for a population to double in size.
Define Urban A settlement where people live in an urban centre. Often referred to as a "city" (Toronto, Vancouver, New York)
Define Settlement A place where people create a community to live, work and play
What is Migration? The movement of people from one area to another. Reasons for movement may include economic, religion, political.
Define Rural? A settlement where people live away from an urban centre. Often referred to as the "country"
Define Population All of the people who live in a certain area.
Define Suburban A settlement where people live in a semi-urban location just outside of an urban centre (Burlington is a suburb of Hamilton)
How will cities need to change to accommodate population growth? cities will need to find ways to provide good food, education and sanitation for everyone. Growth must happen in a way that does not damage the environment around us. Food production & housing may need to move from the ground to being built vertically.
What is a Choropleth map? a map that uses different shading, or colouring, in predefined areas to indicate the average values or quantity of something in those areas. A measure of the statistical variable being displayed on the map.
Created by: cianieri