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Lesson2 vocab


Bacteria single-celled organisms that lack nucleus; prokaryotes
Cytoplasm The thick fluid region of a cell located inside the cell membrane( in prokaryotes) or between the cell membrane and nucleus (in eukaryotes)
Ribosome A small grain-shaped organelle in the cytoplasm of the cell that produces proteins
Flagellum A long, whip like structure that helps a cell to move
Cellular Respiration The process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen
Binary Fission A form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides, forming two identical cells
Conjugation A form of sexual reproduction in which a unicellular organism transfers some of its genetic material to another unicellular organism
Endospore A structure produced by prokaryotes, such as bacteria, in unfavorable conditions; a thick wall encloses DNA and some of the cytoplasm
Pasteurization A process of heating food to a temperature that is high enough to kill most harmful bacteria without changing the taste of the food
Decomposer An organism that gets energy by breaking down waste and dead organisms, and returns raw materials to the soil and water
Created by: Jay_Slay