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Bacteria Study Guide

It's a study guide for bacteria.

TermDefinition
Bacteria A simple, single-cell organism with no nucleus.
Cytoplasm The gel-like fluid inside a bacterium that contains the genetic material and ribosomes.
Ribosomes Tiny structures inside the cytoplasm that create proteins.
Flagellum The tail-like structure that propels a bacterium through liquid.
Cellular Respiration The process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen.
Binary Fission A form of asexual reproduction where a cell divides into two cells.
Conjugation A form of sexual reproduction where a single-cell organism transfers some of its genetic material to another single-cell organism.
Endospore A structure produced when prokaryotes are in harsh conditions that encases the DNA and protects it.
Pasteurization The process of heating a food to a high temperature to kill any bacteria on it, while still keeping its taste.
Decomposer An organism that feeds on waste and dead organisms, then returns materials to the environment.
Created by: Ethan M