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Chapter 2 Bacteria

Bacteria Quiz Practice

Bacteria Single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus, and are prokaryotes.
Cytoplasm The thick fluid region of a cell inside the cell's membrane, or between the membrane and the nucleus.
Ribosome A small, grain-shaped organelle in the cytoplasm that produces proteins.
Flagellum A long, whiplike structure on bacteria that helps it to move.
Cellular Respiration The process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and food molecules in the presence of oxygen.
Binary Fission A form of asexual reproduction, a cell splits ad multiplies.
Conjugation A form of sexual reproduction, where a unicellular organism transfers some of it's genetic material to another unicellular organism.
Endospore A structure produced by prokaryotes, like bacteria, in an unfavorable conditions, a thick wall closes DNA around the cytoplasm.
Pasteurization The process of heating food to a temperature high enough to kill most harmful bacteria.
Decomposer An organism that gets energy by breaking down wastes and dead organisms, whom also makes raw materials into soil and water.
Created by: Gpontillo