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Fundamentals

Cognition

QuestionAnswer
What is the definition of cognition? a comprehensive term used to refer to all the processes involved in human thought. mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses.
What are the six domains of cognitive function? perceptional motor function language learning and memory social cognition complex attention executive function
What is perception? the interpretation of the environment and is dependent on the acuity of sensory input
What is memory? the retention and recall of past experiences and learning
What is executive function? the higher thinking process that allow for flexibility, adaptability, and goal directedness. it determines the contents of consciousness, supervises voluntary activity and is future oriented
What does intact cognition signify? an individual exhibits cognitive behaviors that are considered to be within range of normal for age and culture
What does impaired cognition signify? an observable or measurable disturbance in one or more of the cognitive processes resulting from an abnormality within the brain or a factor interfering with normal brain function
What are the categories of cognitive impairment? delirium neurocognitive disorders (dementia) cognitive impairment (not dementia) focal cognitive disorders intellectual disability learning disablity
What are the risk factors of cognition impairment? Population at risk (Age) Personal behaviors (traumatic injury to the brain and drug use) Environmental exposures ( (toxic substances ex. lead) Congenital and genetic conditions (present at birth and runs in the family)
Risk factors of cognition impairment Cont'd Physical disability and reduced mobility (slow gate) Health problems ( from fluid imbalance to chronic diagnosis)
Created by: Ekane34