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Fundamentals

Functional Ability

QuestionAnswer
What is the definition of functional ability? The physical, psychological, cognitive and social ability to carry on normal activities
What are the antecedents of functional ability? developmental milestones acquisition of skills learning perceived ability integration of neural /endocrine/musculoskeletal capacity metabolic manifestations to provide energy (Krebs Cycle)
What are the attributes of functional ability? capacity to perform actual/required activities capacity to perform a specific self-care behavior the actual performance circumstances, the amount of assistance needed, amount of time needed, and level of performance
What are interrelated concepts for functional ability? immobility coping sensory perception mobility human development cognition gas exchange nutrition
What are negative outcomes for functional ability? further disability increased dependence increased use of health services depression stress
What are positive outcomes for functional ability? goal achievement quality of life/well being learning effective coping adaptation to work, environment, and health status hope
What are the four domains of functional ability? physical domain psychological domain cognitive domain social domain
What are the two main categories of functional ability? BADLs (Basic Activities of Daily Living) IADLs (Instrumental Activities of Daily Living)
What is the difference between primary and secondary problems related to functional ability? primary problems are when a particular function never develop and secondary represents a loss of functional ability
What are the changes across the lifespan that are related to functional ability? developmental stage physical health psychosocial health cognitive ability social and cultural factors
What are the 12 activities of daily living in Roger-Logan-Tierney model of nursing? maintaining safe environment communication eating and drinking personal cleansing and dressing maintaining body temp expressing sexuality breathing mobilizing elimination sleeping work and playing dying
What are the functional assessment components vision hearing mobility falls social participation nutrition cognition affect home environment continence BADLs IADLs
What are the risk factors for impaired functional ability? developmental abnormalities physical or psychological trauma or disease social and cultural factors age cognitive function level of depression beliefs and perceptions of health and physical environment
Created by: Ekane34