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9th ENV Ch 3.3

9th ENV Chapter 3-Section 3 OUTLINE

QuestionAnswer
HYDROSPHERE The ______ includes all of the water on or near Earth's surface.
WATER CYCLE The ___________ ________ is the continuous movement of water from the ocean to the atmosphere to the land and back to the ocean.
EVAPORATION _________ is the change of a substance from a liquid to a gas.
CONDENSATION _________ is the change of state from a gas to liquid.
PRECIPATATION ______________ is any form of water that falls to Earth's surface from the clouds, and includes rain, snow, sleet, and hail.
WORLD OCEANS All of the oceans are joined in a single large interconnected body of water called the _______ _______.
PACIFIC The largest ocean on Earth is the ____ Ocean with a surface area of about 155,557,00 km.
CHALLENGER DEEP The deepest point on the ocean floor, the _______ ______, is found in the Pacific Ocean.
SURFACE CURRENT FLOW Oceanographers often divide the Pacific Ocean into the North Pacific and South Pacific based on the direction of the _________ ________ in each half of the Pacific Ocean.
ATLANTIC The second largest ocean on Earth is the _______ Ocean, and covers about half the area of the Pacific Ocean which is a surface area of about 76,630,00km.
INDIAN The ________ Ocean is the third largest ocean on Earth with a surface area of 73,762,000km.
ARCTIC The smallest ocean, the ______ Ocean, is unique because much of it's surface is covered by floating ice, called pack ice, which forms when either waves or wind drive together frozen seawater, known as sea ice, into a large mass.
SALINITY _______ is a measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount of liquid.
CHLORINE SODIIUM Most of the salt in the Ocean is sodium chloride, which is made up of the elements ________ and ________ although many other elements can be found in the ocean as well.
SURFACE 350 M DEEP The _______ of the ocean is warmed by the sun, while the depths of the ocean, where sunlight never reaches, are very cold, just above freezing. Below the surface zone is the ___ _ ____ which is a layer about 300 to 700 m deep where the temperature falls rapidly.
ABSORB AND STORE ENERGY One of the most important functions of the world ocean is to _____ ___ _____ ______ from sunlight which in turn regulates temperatures in Earth's atmosphere.
TEMPERATURE If the ocean did not regulate atmospheric and surface temperatures, ________ would be to extreme for life to exist on Earth.
SURFACE CURRENTS Streamlike movements of water that occur at or near the surface of the ocean are called _______.
WIND DRIVEN Surface currents are ____ _______ and can be warm or cold water currents. However currents of warm water and currents of cold water do not readily mix with one another.
DEEP CURRENTS ________ _________ are stream like movements of water that flow very slowly along the ocean floor
ANTARCTICA BOTTOM WATER The denset and coldest ocean water is located off the coast of Antarctica and flows very slowly northward producing a deep current called the ______ ______ ______
FRESH WATER ________ _________ is water that contains insignificant amounts of salts.
GROUND WATER Rain and melting snow sink into the ground and run off the land. Most of this water trickles down through the ground and collects as ______________.
AQUIFER A rock layer that stores and allows the flow of groundwater is called an ________-.
PHYTOPLANATON Most of the algae float at the surface of the ocean and are known as ________
CLOSED ________ systems are systems that cannot exchange matter or energy with its surroundings.
OPEN _______ systems are systems that can exchange both matter and energy with itss surroundings.
Created by: asimien907