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The Sun

vocabulary associated with the sun lesson

TermDefinition
Sunspots cooler portions of the sun, look like black spots.
Prominences Superheated jets of gas and plasma will sometimes shoot out into space.
Core the center of the Sun. Also causes nuclear fusion.
Radiative layer Part of the sun where energy is transferred through radiation.
Convective layer Part of the sun where energy is transferred through the transfer of hotter plasma rising and cooler plasma falling.
Photosphere The surface of the sun is 5,000 to 8,000 degrees kelvin and is the portion of the Sun that emits light.
Chromosphere Thin layer of gases above the photosphere. This is the Sun’s atmosphere. The chromosphere adds a red tint to the Sun (only visible during solar eclipses).
Corona The outermost portion of the Sun, the part visible during eclipses. This is the Sun’s outer atmosphere
Convection: Transfer of heat through movement of fluids. (liquid, gas or plasma) Hot goes up, cold goes down
Nuclear Fusion Hydrogen atoms are smashed together to form Helium atoms.
Radiation The transfer of energy through electromagnetic waves.
Created by: MsKovalcik