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Nutrition

Exam 3

QuestionAnswer
What is another name for Vitamin A? Retinol
Food sources for Vitamin A are what? Foods derived from animal products, fish liver oils, liver, egg yolk, butter and creams
Food sources for Beta-Carotene are? dark green leafy veggies; collard greens, kale, and spinach. dark orange; carrots, sweet potatoes, yams, pumpkins, melon, and apricots.
A natural source of vitamin D is Fish oil
What is required for the synthesis of vitamin D to occur? "Calcitriol" which is the activated hormone form of vitamin D
What would cause inadequate Vitamin D circulating in the blood? lack of sun exposure
Examples of foods that are fortified with Vitamin D are? Milk, butter, margarine, soy, rice milk products.
Another name for Vitamin E is? Tocopherol
Food sources for Vitamin E are? Vegetable oils(wheat germ, soybean, safflower) nuts, seeds and fortified cereals
Food sources for Vitamin K are? green leafy, spinach, collard greens, and kale
What are the signs of ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) deficiency? What type of people are more susceptible? Signs are: tissue bleeding, easy bruising, bleeding gums, tooth loss, poor wound healing, scurvy "Smokers are more susceptible"
Food sources for Vitamin C citrus fruits, bell peppers, kiwis, berries, broccoli, tomato juice
What is another name for Vitamin B? Thiamin
When would an increase of Thiamin intake be necessary? During pregnancy, lactation, and diseases/conditions that accelerate metabolism, such as fever
What is another name for Vitamin B3? Niacin
What is are good sources of foods for Vitamin B3/niacin? meat, poultry, fish, enriched and whole grain bread, bread products, and ready to eat cereals, peanuts
What are good sources of Folate? (found in plants and animals) green leafy veggies, orange juice, legumes, chicken livers
In what types of foods can Phytochemicals be found? Foods derived from animals and those that have been processed and refined. Consuming colorful variety of fruits, veggies, whole grains, nuts.
What two minerals are involved in bone formation? Calcium and Phosphorus
What food sources are good for calcium and phosphorus? milk, milk products
What factors play an important role in causing osteoporosis? Calcium deficiency, lack of physical activity, and side effects of medications
Good sources of Calcium are milk products, yogurt, cheese, ice cream
3 metabolic processes that Phosphorus plays a role in are Bone and tooth formation Energy Metabolism Acid Base Balance
What types of foods are rich in phosphorus? high protein foods, milk products, meat, fish, and eggs
What types of food does sodium content far exceed the recommended intake ranges? processed foods
What type of situation can lead to potassium deficiency (Hypokalemia)? prolonged vomiting/diarrhea malnutrition surgery
Potassium foods sources are? Unprocessed foods, fruits(oranges/bananas), vegetables, fish, whole grains, legumes, seeds and milk products.
What can decrease potassium levels in foods? when fruits or veggies are boiled or blanced
What is the trace element iron needed in the body for?
What needs to be consumed to enhance the absorption of nonheme iron? When iron is taken with Vitamin C
What is the function of iodine? synthesized by the thyroid gland and that helps to control the basal metabolic rate.
What is the most reliable source of iodine in U.S. diets? Iodized table salt
Food sources for selenium are Pork, turkey, lamb, chicken, and organ meats, brazil nuts
What type of people have a higher body water content? Individuals with psychiatric disorders such as polydipsia
What are the 2 main types of particles that control water balance in the body? What is their effect on water? electrolytes and plasma proteins
What type of molecules are involved in COP? Plasma proteins and cellular proteins
What is needed for osmosis to occur? diffusion
What substances can pass through capillary membranes? Water and nutrients
What is the treatment for a child that has persistent vomiting or prolonged diarrhea? oral rehydration therapy
Mary wants to increase her intake of foods rich in B-carotene. Which of the following foods would be the best source? Whole-wheat bread, Spinach, Scrambled egg, or wheat germ. Spinach
Vitamin D deficiency is more common in people who have darker skin and live at? higher latitudes
The best menu choice for a patient with a severe wound who need adequate vitamin C to help promote healing would be? Stuffed green pepper
Dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia, and death characterize toxic symptoms associated with Pellagra
A deficiency disease caused by a lack of dietary Niacin(Vitamin B3) and an inadequate amount of protein that contains amino acid tryptophan is called Pellagra
Megaloblastic anemia is associated with Folate deficiency
What is an essential part of the antioxidant enzyme? Selenium
It would be beneficial for a 65 yr old woman to consume foods with calcium that are well absorbed such as yogurt
Phosphorus functions in metabolic processes to maintain health by Capturing energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate
A patient with high blood pressure is recommended to reduce sodium intake in the diet. a food choice that should be limited is Olive and feta cheese salad
Hypothyroidism is characterized by Thin course hair, weight gain, poor cold tolerance
Created by: Ashleybit4