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CNA State Exam

Certified Nursing Assistant Exam Practice Questions

being free of diease producing microbes asepsis
is the most important way to pevent the spread of infection hand washing
nosocomial infections hospital acquired
release restraints at least every 2 hours for 10 minutes
unecesary restraints are false imprisonment
High Fowler's position 90 degrees HOB up
Semi Fowler's position 45-60 degrees
low fowler's position 30 degrees
trendelenburg position HOB down feet up doctors order needed
wedges, pillows and trocanter rolls help with positioning and alignment
groups of cells with similar functions combine to form tissues
when you help a patient walk stand on affected side
a cane is used on the unaffected or strong side
transfer patient on stronger side
cast care includes checking for color, motion, edema and temp
aorta major atery of the body- has oxygenated blood
myocardial infarction heart attack
largest chamber of the heart is the left ventricle because it squeezes blood to the rest of the body
the use of an incentive spirometer helps to prevent pneumonia
peristalsis wave like contractions
small intestine absorbs vitamins and nutrients
large intestine absorbs water and electrolytes
cerebrum largest part of the brain
post mortem care is performed immediately after the dr pronounces the pt dead
a walker may be used if the pt can support some weight
when applying a cold treatment observe for signs of cyanosis
a surgical bead hould be left in the highest horizontal position
the first step in any procedure is to wash your hands
what is the best way to destroy all bacteria sterilization
if a client cannot speak english the nurse aide should ask the charge nurse to arrange for an interpreter
a clients elbows are red and dry you should report this to the nurse
if you do not know how to do an assigned task call the charge nurse and ask for help
what is the main goal of OBRA to make sure that health care providers meet the requirements nationwide by passing a competency and skill test to provide quality care
objective data seen heard felt or smelled by an observer signs
subjective data information that a person gives you. that you cannot observe using your senses symptoms
what happens during assesment information is collected
symptom pain
sign dry skin
a suffix is placed after a root
cell the basic unit of body structure
the outer layer of the skin is the epidermis
allows movement joint
pumps blood to the rest of the body left ventricle
oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged between the alveoli and capillaries
a person has a re wrist band this means the patient has an allergy
a person has a vest restraint it is too loose if you can fit an open hand between the vest and the person
clean technique medical asepsis
contamination the process of becoming unclean
sterile the absence of all microbes-pathogens an non pathogens
lateral position side-lying position
a left side-lying position in which the upper leg is flexed, the lower arm is behind the person sims
back lying position -dorsal recumbent position supine
position when you are lying on your stomach with head turned to side prone
turning the person as a unit,in alignment , wih one motion logrolling
the rubbing of one surface against another friction
when skin stiks to a surface while muscles slide in the direction the body is moving shearing
breathing food, fluid, vomitus or an object into the lungs aspiration
clear-liquid diet foos liquid at body temperature and that leave small amounts of residue
full-liquid diet foods liquid at room temperature or melt at body temperature
mechanical soft diet semi-solid foods that are eaily digeted
a type of illness that comes on suddely requires intense immediate treatment acute
a type of illness that is long term. it it treatable but not curable chronic
an illness that is life ending with no reasonable expectation of recovery terminal
intentionally attempt or threaten to touch someone without consent assault
the act of touching someone without consent battery
right or wrong conduct, involves morals, judgements and choices ethics
say or do something to trick, fool or deceive fraud
making false statements orally slander
making false statements in writing libel
a wrongful act against a person and/or their property tort
chart flow sheet
at or toward he front of the body or body part anterior
the part farthest from the center or from the point of attachment distal
away from the midline-at the side of the body part lateral
at or near te middle or midline of the body or body part medial
ventral anterior
dorsal posterior
at or toward te back of the body or body part posterior
the part nearest to the center or to the point of origin proximal
pre-natal development, 2 weeks after conception to 8 weeks embryo
unborn baby 8 weeks to birth fetus
from birth to 4 weeks newborn
tested 1 min and 5 min after birth, checks for prematurity. tests the babys color, cry, reflexes and grip APGAR
uterus returns to normal size involution
RACE rescue,alarm,confine, extinguish
PASS pull,aim,squeeze,sweep
type of fracture, closed, bone breaks and skin is intact simple
type of fracture, open, bone breaks, protrudes through skin compound
type of fracture, not broken completely through bone green stick
communication fails when you talk too much
what type of tape do you use to secure a condom catheter elastic
lack of O2 level to the brain hypoxia
nothing by mouth NPO
filling up of gas in the bowel distention
delirium is an emergency
according to OBRA ,secured nursing units are physical restraints
trust vs mistrust birth to 1 yr infants oral sensory
autonomy vs shame and doubt 1 to 3 yrs toddlers muscular anal
initiative vs guilt 3 to 5 yrs pre school locomotor
industry vs inferiority 6 to 11 yrs school age latency
identity vs role confusion 12 to 18 yrs adolescence
intimacy vs isolation 19 to 35 yrs young adulthood
generativity vs stagnation 35 to 50 yrs adulthood
ego integrity vs despair 50+ yrs maturity
soft spots; anterior front closes around 4 months; posterior front closes between 12-18 months fontanelles
needed for feeding rooting and sucking
grasping needed for feeding
moro and startle reflexes normal response to sudden loud noise, the head is liften and dropped down
120-170 bpm normal pulse range for newborn
35-60bpm norman resp rate for newborn
wood,paper,cloth,rubber class a fire
flammable or combustible liquids, gasoline, paint class b fire
electrical equipment,appliances,panel boxes class c fire
a fire needs this to start and keep burning fuel, heat and oxygen
a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart artery
tiny blood vessel, food oxygen an other substances pass from this to cells capillary
the process of phsically and chemically breaking down food so that it can be absorbed for use by the cells digestion
the substance in red blood cells hat carries oxygen and gives blood its color hemoglobin
a chemical substance secreted by the endocrine glnds into the bloodstream hormone
a blood vessel that returns blood to the heart vein
the inner layer of the skin, made up of connective tissue dermis
the human body has how many bones 206
this type pf bone bears the body's weight long
this type of bone allows skill and ease in movement short
this type of bone protects the organs flat
this type of bone allows various degrees or movement and flexibility irregular
the point at which 2 or more bones meet joint
is the connective tissue at the end of the long bones cartilage
lines the joints synovial membrane
bones are held together at the joint by strong bands or connective tissue called ligaments
consists of the brain and spinal cord central nervous system
involves the nerves throughout the body peripheral nervous system
part of the brain that controls the highest functions of the brain cerebral cortex
the ossicle that looks like a hammer is the malleus
the ossicle that looks like an anvil is the incus
the ossicle that looks like a stirrup is the stapes
the outer layer of the heart pericardium
the second layer of the heart myocardium
the inner layer of the heart endocardium
this is the master gland pituitary
a human or animal that is a reservoir for microbes but does not have the signs and symptoms of infection carrier
the process of destroying all pathogens disinfection
a disease state resulting from the invasion and growth of microbes in the body infection
a small livng plant or animal seen only with a microscope; a microbe microorganism
unoxygenated vena cava
brings unoxygenated blood to lungs pulmonary artery
brings oxygenated blood to the heart pulmonary vein
the lungs are separated from the abdominal cavity by a muscle called the diaphragm
the smallest branch of the lung is called the bronchiole
Created by: Drk360