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Photosynhesis

QuestionAnswer
Photosynthesis the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water.
Cellular respiration a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products.
Chloroplast a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place
Chlorophyll a green pigment, present in all green plants and in cyanobacteria, responsible for the absorption of light to provide energy for photosynthesis.
Glucose a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living organisms and is a component of many carbohydrates
Mitochondria an organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur.
Photosynthesis equation Carbon dioxide + water produces -> glucose + oxygen.
Respiration equation is the biochemical process in which the cells of an organism obtain energy by combining oxygen and glucose, resulting in the release of carbon dioxide, water, and ATP (the currency of energy in cells).
Carbon dioxide a colorless, odorless gas produced by burning carbon and organic compounds and by respiration.
Diffusion the intermingling of substances by the natural movement of their particles.
Osmosis a process by which molecules of a solvent tend to pass through a semipermeable membrane from a less concentrated solution into a more concentrated one, thus equalizing the concentrations on each side of the membrane.
Active transport the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into a region of higher concentration, assisted by enzymes and requiring energy.
Created by: 23noverland