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Matter Flashcards


Describe a solid Particles: have a strong attraction Vibrate Close together Definite volume Definite shape
Describe a liquid Particles: have strong attraction (not as strong as solid) Randomly arranged Further apart than solid In motion, able to move past one another Definite volume No Definite shape Takes on the shape of its container
Describe a gas Particles have weak attractions Randomly arranged Are very far apart Move freely past each other Little interaction between them Spread out evenly to fill any container Does not have a definite shape Does not have a definite volume
What is Matter? Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space.
What is Mass? (Review) Mass is a measure of how much matter (stuff) is in an object.
What is Chemistry? The study of matter
What happens when particles are heated? Increase in speed of the movement of the molecules Particles move farther apart.
What happens when molecules are cooled? Decrease in the speed of the movement of the molecules Particles move closer together
What are particles? Particles are atoms and molecules
Why does red liquid move up a tube when a thermometer is heated? Particles move faster Particles move further apart The liquid has nowhere to go other than up the tube of the thermometer
What are the 3 common states of matter? Solid Liquid Gas
Why does red liquid move down a tube when a thermometer is cooled Speed of the particles slows down Particles move closer together The liquid moves down the thermometer
What is a property? Characteristics that can be observed or measured without changing the composition of a substance.
Draw a picture of a solid .............(...............)............(..........
Draw a picture of a liquid . . . .(( . . . . .. . . .)) . . . . .. . .(( . . . . . .
Draw a picture of a gas (((. . . . . . . . . . .. . ))). . . . ((( . .
Created by: johnfrancis0514