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Geography Test - Oct

Revision for the Mid-term test for Geography

Footloose Industry An industry that is not tied to one specific location.
Light Industry Industry that makes smaller products from less bulky material, for example PC Pro in Toher, Co. Cork. Located in industrial estates, and normally footloose.
Heavy Industry Industry that produces large, heavy products from bulky material, for example Irish Cement in Drogheda, Co. Louth. Typically not footloose.
Inputs Things put into an industry for it to function.
Processes Things that occur within an industry to make the finished product.
Outputs Anything the industry generates as a result of its processes.
PC Pro - Inputs Factory building, staff, imported PC components, electricity, capital (money)
PC Pro - Processes Tagging and shelving, ordering, selection, assembly, quality control, burn-in, packaging and delivery
PC Pro - Outputs Assembled computers, profit, happy customer, waste
Irish Cement - Inputs Processing plant, workers, capital, electricity, water, limestone, gypsum
Irish Cement - Processes Crushing, milling, burning, grinding, bagging
Irish Cement - Outputs Cement, profit, waste
Evaporation The sun heats water until it evaporates from the rivers, lakes or seas.
Condensation Water vapour cools and condenses to form a cloud.
Precipitation As the cloud further cools and condenses, it gets heavy and falls as precipitation. There are nine forms of precipitation; the most common is rain.
Run-off When rain reaches the ground it runs into rivers or is absorbed as groundwater. Eventually it makes its way back to the sea and the cycle begins again.
Acid rain - Causes Sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxide mix with water to form sulphuric acid and nitric acid - these gases are produced by cars, factory emissions and the burning of fossil fuels.
Acid rain - Effects Water supplies are polluted, forests and trees die, soil and crops are contaminated and become carcinogenic, buildings are eroded
Acid rain - Prevention Use renewable energy, electric cars/public transport, tax factory emissions, use smokeless coal
Hot desert climate - Weather By definition, places with less than 100mm rainfall per year. Near hot, dry trade winds. Sun is directly overhead.
Hot desert climate - Temperature During the day, it's very hot - up to 40 degrees C. Because there's no cloud cover, heat escapes at night and it reaches sub-zero temperatures.
Hot desert climate - Animals and adaptions Desert camels - humps to store fat Kangaroo rat - long legs for speed Desert Owl - makes homes in cactus Fennec Fox - large ears to hear prey and to cool off with
Hot desert climate - Plants and adaptions Cactus - prickles ward off most animals Creosote - poisonous to ward off predators All desert plants have long tap roots to get at the very low water table
Created by: TheSecondAxeman