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Bio Unit 3 vocab

Cell cycle and DNA

TermDefinition
nucleotides monomers made of phosphate, sugar and base to build the DNA molecule
replication copying the DNA
DNA blueprint for protiens needed for cell functions: made of genes
Deoxyribose sugar molecule backbone of DNA molecule
Ribose sugar backbone of RNA
phosphate group phosphorus and oxygen molecule part of the nucleotide
nitrogen bases 4 bases of DNA: thymine and adenine; cytosine and guanine
double helix DNA structure like a twisted ladder
complementary bases A & T; C & G
Interphase Cell cycle phase of growth and preparation for division
M phase (mitosis and cytokinesis) Cell cycle phase where the cell divides in two.
G1 Interphase time of growth for the cell
S Interphase time of DNA duplication
G2 Interphase time of preparation for the cell to start dividing
Cell cycle Life cycle of a cell from when it is formed, through interphase, mitosis and cytokinesis-- division into two new cells.
mitosis The part of the cell cycle when the cell is going through the process of cell division
DNA (definition #2) DeoxyriboNucleic Acid
monomer smaller molecule parts that make up large molecules. For DNA, the small parts are the nucleotides
polymer large molecules made up of smaller molecule parts. For DNA, the large molecule is DNA
daughter strands of DNA new strands of DNA formed by connecting nucleotides to the parent strands
Created by: Freshmensphs