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cellular respiration

anatomy & physiology cell metabolism

anabolic reaction building a reaction requires energy endergonic
catabolic reaction breakdown of a reaction releases energy exergonic
enzymes control rate of metabolic reactions
aerobic requires oxygen
anaerobic no oxygen required
glycolysis breakdown of sugar anaerobic
glycolytic process 10 steps 2 atp required 4 atp produced
conversion of pyruvate to acetyl coa, citric acid cycle, and Electron transport chain aerobic reaction, 36 atp produced
electron transport chain located in the inner mitochondrial membrane, redox reactions, donate and accept electrons.
citric acid cycle occurs in mitochondrial matrix, 2 atp from glucose
in catabolic pathways monosaccharides are used to generate atp from anabolic reactions
in anabolic pathways monosaccharides can be stored as glycogen, and converted to fat
anaerobic glycolysis ,pyruvate can be converted to ethanol, pyruvate turns into lactic acid and can ferment into lactic acid
dna deoxyribose nucleic acid, contains; pentose sugar, nitrogen base, and phosphate group.
rna single strand, whas a ribose, nitrogen base, and phosphate. backbone made of sugars alternating with phosphate group.
mrna messenger rna, carries the code for the protein to be synthesized from the nucleus to synthesis in the cytoplasm, by the ribosome
trna transfer rna, carries the appropriate amino acid to the ribosome to be incorporated into the new forming protein.
Rrna ribosomal rna,
peptide bond formed between two amino acids
catabolism of carbs glucose
catabolism of proteins amino acids
catabolism of lipids fatty acids
anabolism of glucose glycogen
anabolism of amino acids complex proteins
anabolism of fatty acids complex molecules (steroids)
oxidation reaction losing electrons
reduction reaction gaining electrons
triphosphate 3 phosphate
diphosphate 2 phosphate
eukaryotes multicellular organism
prokaryote single cell organism
Created by: heathersutton87