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Cells

by Christopher Qiao, Allan Frasheri, & Trung Van

QuestionAnswer
What is the basic unit of life? What are cells derived from? Cells
More was learned about cells as ____________ improved. Microscopes
All ______________ are made up of cells. Organisms
What are all cells enclosed by? Membrane
What is the jelly-like substance in all cells that acts as a medium for chemical reactions? Cytoplasm
Which type of cells have a nucleus? Eukaryotic
Prokaryotic cells do not have membrane-bound _____________. Organelles
What is the membrane that controls what leaves and enters the cell? Phospholipid Bilayer
Phospholipids have a _____________ head that attracts water and contains glycerol and phosphate. Hydrophillic
Phospholipids have a _____________ tail that repels water. Hydrophobic
What helps move large molecules and help aid in cell recognition? Proteins
Cell membranes in plants push against the cell wall and help maintain the cell _________. Shape
What is the nonliving layer in plants, fungi, and bacteria. Cell Wall
What is the largest organelle of a cell that regulates cell activity and contains DNA, bounded by a nuclear envelope. Nucleus
Also known as the nuclear membrane, it is connected to the rough ER and allows material to enter and leave the nucleus through pores. Nuclear Envelope
What is the hereditary material of cells? (different patterns and molecules of proteins) DNA
What makes ribosomes that makes proteins for the cell? Nucleolus
What helps maintains cell shape & helps move organelles around the cell? Cytoskeleton
What is found in animal cells and helps pulls chromosomes apart during cell division? Centrioles
What generates energy (ATP) for the cell, is the site of cellular respiration and has its own DNA? (inner membrane called CRISTAE) Mitochondria
What are the hollowed membrane tubules that is connected to the cell membrane and nuclear envelope, and is the source of cell transport synthesis. Rough ER has proteins that helps transport materials out of the cell, while the smooth ER makes materials us Endoplasmic Reticulum
Modify, sort, & package molecules from ER for storage OR transport out of cell Golgi Bodies
Made of PROTEINS and rRNA and Join amino acids to make proteins Ribosomes
Break down food, bacteria, and worn out cell parts for cells Programmed for cell death Lysosome
Made of protein tubes called microtubules and Function in moving cells, in moving fluids, or in small particles across the cell surface Cilia & Flagella
Fluid filled sacks for storage Vacuoles
Use energy from sunlight to make own food (glucose) Chloroplasts
Passive Transport
Created by: cqiao
 

 



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