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Drug Cards

QuestionAnswer
Brand name for Doxycycline Monodox, oracea, periostat, vibramycin
Dosage for Vibramycin 100mg q 12 hours on the first day, then 100-200mg once daily or 50-100mg q 12 hours
Periostat is what kind of medication? anti-infective
What is the action of Oracea an antibiotic used in the treatment of many types of infections caused by bacteria and protozoa
What are some possible adverse reactions to Doxycycline? diarrhea, nausea, vomiting
Nursing implications for monodox? Report sudden onset of painful or difficult swallowing promptly to physician
Brand name for Ketorolac Sprix, toradol
Dosage for Sprix 20mg initially, followed by 10mg q 4-6 hours, NO MORE than 40mg daily pts with renal impairment- 10mg q 4-6 hours NO MORE than 40mg daily
Toradol is what kind of medication? nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent, non-opiod analgesics
What is the action of Ketorolac works by blocking prostaglandins which signals the body to respond to injury/illness Decreases pain
What are some possible adverse reactions to Sprix drowsiness, dizziness, sense of euphoria, dry mouth, sweating, anaphylaxis
Nursing implications for Toradol Assess pain prior to and 1-2 hours following administration
Brand name for Phenytoin Dilantin, phenytek
Dosage for Dilantin Loading dose of 15-20mg/kg as extended caps in 3 divided doses given 2-4 hrs; maintenance dose 5-6mg/kg/day given in 1-3 divided doses usual dosing range 200-1200mg
Phenytek is what kind of medication? antiarrhythmic, anticonvulsant
What is the action of Phenytoin slows down impulses in the brain that causes seizures, termination of ventricular arrhythmias
What are some possible adverse reactions to Dilantin suicidal thoughts, impaired balance or coordination (ataxia), hypotension, nausea
Nursing implications for Phenytek Monitor closely for changes in behavior that could indicate the emergence or worsening of suicidal thoughts, behavior or depression. Assess pt for rash usually occurs within 2 weeks
Brand name for Amoxicillin Amoxil, Moxatag, trimox, novamoxin
Dosage for Amoxil 250-500mg q 8hr, or 500-875mg q 12 hr
What kind of medication is Moxatag? anti-infectives, antiulcer agent
What is the action of Trimox? binds to bacterial cell wall causing cell death
What are possible reactions to Novamoxin? seizures (high dose), diarrhea, nausea, rash, anaphylaxis
Nursing implications for Amoxicillin Assess for infection at beginning of and throughout therapy, observe for signs and sysptoms of anaphylaxis, monitor bowel function
Brand names for promethazine Histantil, Phenergan, promethacon
What is the dosage for Histantil As a histamine: 6.25-12.5 mg 3 times a day and 25mg at bedtime As antivertigo: 25mg 30-60 min before departure As sedation: 25-50mg, may repeat every 4-6 hours
What type of medication is phenergan antiemetics, antihistamines, sedative/hypnotics
What is the action of promethacon relief of symptoms of histamine excess usually seen in allergic conditions, diminished nausea or vomiting, sedation
Possible adverse reactions of promethazine confusion, disorientation, sedation, dizziness, fatigue
Nursing implications for histantil Assess level of sedation after administration, Geriatric pt: assess for adverse anticholinergic effects such as delirium, acute confusion, dizziness, dry mouth, blurred vision, urinary retention
Brand name for Docusate Colace, correctol, phillips liquid gels
Dosage for colace 240mg once daily
What type of medication is Correctol stool softner
What is the action of Phillips Liquid Gels increases the amount of water in the stool, making stool softer
Possible adverse reactions of Docusate throat irritation, mild cramps, diarrhea, rashes
Nursing implications for Colace Administer with a full glass of water or juice. Do not administer within 2 hours of other laxatives
Brand name for Influenza Vaccine Flu vaccine
Dosage for flu vaccine 0.5ml single dose IM vaccine
What type of medication is the Influenza vaccine vaccine/immunizing agents
What is the action of the flu vaccine Causes antibodies to develop in the body, usually takes 2 weeks after vaccination
Possible adverse reaction to Influenza vaccine Headache, malaise, pain, swelling, soreness or tenderness of injection site
Nursing implications for flu vaccine Monitor patient for signs of allergic reaction (rash, laryngeal edema, wheezing). Make sure patient is not allergic to eggs or has had Gillian-Barre Syndrome
Brand name of Digoxin Lanoxin, toloxin
Dosage for Lanoxin 0.75-1.5mg given as 50% of the dose initially and one quarter of the initial dose in each of 2 subsequent doses at 6-12hr intervals Maintenance: 0.125-0.5mg/day depending on pt lean body weight, renal function and serum level
What type of medication is Toloxin antiarrhythmic
What is the action of Digoxin Increases the force of heart contraction
Possible adverse reaction to Lanoxin fatigue, headache, weakness
Nursing implications for Toloxin Pt's Apical pulse must be above 60 before administering
Brand name of Acetaminophen Tylenol, Mapap, Feverall, Ofirmev
Dosage for Tylenol 325-650mg every 4-6 hours, 1300 mg every 8 hours
What type of medication is Mapap antipyretic, non-opiod analgesic
What is the action of Feverall Blocks the production of prostaglandins, which causes pain, swelling or inflammation
Possible adverse reaction to Ofirmev Hepatotoxicity or renal failure in high doses
Nursing implications for Acetaminophen Assess level of pain before and after administration
Brand name for Heparin Hepalean, Hep-lock
Dosage for Hepalean 5,000 units every 8-12 hours SQ
What type of medication is Hep-lock antithrombotic, anticoagulant
What is the action of Heparin Reduces blood clots from forming
Possible adverse reactions to Hepalean loss of hair (alopecia), pain at injection site
Nursing implications for Hep-lock Assess for signs of bleeding and hemorrhage such as bleeding gums, nose bleeds, black tarry stools. Monitor platelet count every 2-3 days throughout therapy
Brand name for Furosemide Lasix
Dosage for Lasix 20-80mg/day as single dose initially, may repeat in 6-8 hours, may increase dose by 20-40mg every 6-8 hours until desired response
What type of medication is Furosemide diuretic
What is the action of Lasix Removes excess fluid from the body by blocking the absorption of sodium, choloride and water from kidneys
Possible adverse reaction of Furosemide hypotension, dizziness, headache, vertigo
Nursing implications for Lasix Assess fluid status, Monitor intake and output, monitor edema, lung sounds, discontinue at first sign of rash
Brand name of Ibuprofen Advil, Excedrin, genpril, motrin IB
Dosage of Advil Anti-inflammatory: 400-800mg 3-4 times daily do not exceed 3200mg/day Analgesic/antipyretic 200-400mg q 4-6 hours do not exceed 1200mg/day
What type of medication is Excedrin Antipyretic, non-opiod analgesics, anti-inflammatory
What is the action of Genpril Blocks production of prostaglandins which cause pain, swelling, inflammation, and fever
Possible adverse reaction to Motrib Ib headache, constipation, nausea, vomiting, anaphylaxis
Nursing implication for Advil Assess pt pain/fever level before and after administration, monitor for GI distress
Brand name for Potassium Chloride K-Dur, Klor-Con, Klotrix
Dosage of K-Dur 40-80mEq/day
What type of medication is Klor-Con mineral and electrolyte supplement
What is the action of Klotrix mineral supplement used to treat or prevent low amounts of potassium in blood, Prevents deficiency
Possible adverse reaction to Potassium Chloride arrhythmia, abdominal pain, diarrhea, flatulence, nausea, vomitting
Nurse implication for K-Dur Assess for signs and symptoms of hypokalemia (weakness, fatigue, arrhythmias) or hyperkalemia (slow irregular heart beat, muscle weakness, confusion)
Brand name for Hydromorphone Hcl Dilaudid, exalgo
Dosage for Dilaudid Immediate- release 4-8mg q 3-4 hours initially,
What type of medication is exalgo Opiod analgesics
What is the action of Hydromorphone Hcl Works on the brain to increase the ability to tolerate pain Decrease in moderate to severe pain, suppression of cough
Possible adverse reaction of Dilaudid confusion, sedation, dizziness, hypotension, constipation
Nursing implication for exalgo Assess vitals periodically before and after administration. Check respiratory rate before and after administration. Assess geriatric patients more frequently due to sensitivity
Created by: Rubio2217