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Unit 4 Marine Bio

This fucking Marine Bio stuff that I need to know to be a big boi.

Shallow submerged extensions of the continent. Continental Shelf
Relating to, or occurring in the open ocean. Pelagic
The location of pelagic animals in the upper 200m of the ocean. Epipelagic
Relating to, or occurring at the bottom of the ocean. Benthic
Organic: accumulation of marine stuff. Biogenous
Erosion of land, volcanoes, dust. Terrigenous
Dust from outer space, meteorite debris. Cosmogenous
Precipitation of dissolved minerals, by bacteria. Hydrogenous
small microscopic organisms, that drift and float in the ocean and freshwater. Plankton
Aquatic animals that are able to swim freely, Nekton
A fish that lives close to the floor of a sea or lake. Demersal
Organisms that live on the ocean bottom. Epifauna
Organisms that live the sediments. Infauna
Organisms that are so small that they live amongst the grains of substrate. Meiofauna
Bioturbation is the reworking of soils and sediments by animals or plants. Its effects include changing the texture of sediments. Biotubators
is an organism that lives on the surface of another living organism. Epibionts
Absorbing the products of digestion. Absorptive Feeder
Engulf sediments and process food in the sediment. Deposit Feeder
Kills and feeds on other animals. Predator
Filters plankton and small things from the water. Filter Feeder
Feeds on poop and dead stuff. Detrivore
Quick locate dead animals and feed based on opportunity. Scavenger
Eats other animals. Carnivore
Eats other plants. Herbivore
Filter food suspend in water column. Suspension Feeder
An organism that decomposes organic material. Decomposer
Holoplankton are organisms that are planktonic for their entire life cycle. Holoplankton
Meroplankton consists of larval stages of organisms Meroplankton
Heterotrophic plankton. Zooplankton
Phytoplankton are the autotrophic components of the plankton community. Phytoplankton
a name given to a layer in the ocean consisting of a variety of marine animals. Deep Scattering Layer
Marine snow is a shower of organic material falling from upper waters to the deep ocean. Marine Snow
a series of shallow, slow, counter-rotating vortices at the ocean's surface aligned with the wind Langmuir Cell
The amount of pore spaces for air, food, and water held between gains. Porosity
Measure the age of the sediments. Maturity
Measure of uniformity in grain size. Sorting
an area of the ocean floor where hydrogen sulfide, methane and other hydrocarbon-rich fluid seepage occurs. Cold Seep
Holes in the mantle that spew out magma at the bottom of the ocean. Hydro-thermal Vents
an air-filled bladder or sac found in certain animals and plants. Air Bladder
Spilling out entrails to provide a meal for the predator while the host makes an escape. Evisceration
hold (developing eggs) within the body. Brooding
a form of asexual reproduction in which a new organism develops from an outgrowth or bud due to cell division at one particular site. Budding
Living debris in the water. Seston
Nonliving debris in the water. Tripton
he bacterial component of the plankton that drifts in the water column. Bacterioplankton
bacteria plankton- thought to be most photosynthetic organisms in the early biomass Viriplankton
Moving Kinetic
Non moving Akinetic
Plankton which break the surface of the water with their gas bladders or bubbles. Neuston
Plankton which break the surface of the water with their gas bladders or bubbles. Pleuston
Movement of predators in patchy fractal patterns. Levy Walks
Name the classifications of plankton. 1.Taxonomic group 2.Motility 3.Size 4.Life History 5. Spacial Distribution.
Name the 3 ways to classify sediment. 1.Porosity 2. Maturity 3. Sorting
Example of Absorptive Feeder polycheate worms
Example of Deposit Feeder Crabs
Example of Predator Nurse Shark
Example of Filter Feeder Basking Shark
Example of Detrivtivore sea cucumber
Example of scavenger hagfish
Example of carnivore Octopus
Example of herbivore Mollusks
Example of suspension feeder some cnidarians
Example of Decomposer Sea Slugs
Example of Plankton Phytoplankton
Example of Nekton Tripletail
Example of Infauna worms
Example of Epifauna clams
Example of Meiofauna Hydra
Example of Demersal flounder
Example of Benthic
Example of Holoplankton Copepod
Example of Meroplankton Redfish
Example of Zooplankton Copepod
Example of Phytoplankton Cyanobacteria
Plankton Classified by SIZE Macroplankton Microplankton Nanoplankton
Plankton Classified by Taxonomic Group Seston, Tripton, Phytoplankton, Zooplankton, Bacterioplankton, Viriplankton.
Plankton Classified by Spacial Distribution Neritic: Oceanic, Neauston, Pleuston.
Plankton Classified by Life Histroy Holoplankton,Meroplankton.
Plankton Classified by Motility Kinetic, Akinetic.
How are open ocean organisms adapted to the open ocean. Safety in numbers, like like a single individual, be able to go long periods of time without eating.
Hydrothermal vent community Opening in the mantle where magma pours our. chemical imput of hydrogen sulfide. Critters flock, chemostnrhstic bacteria, filter feeders epifauna
3 reproductive styles of benthic organisms 1. larval dispersal 2. Brooding 3. Asexual budding/ Fragmentation
3 Types of ways to classify sediments 1. Porosity 2. Maturity 3. Sorting
Open ocean abiotic and biotic factors Biotic factors include plants, animals, fungi, algae, and bacteria. Abiotic factors include sunlight, temperature, moisture, wind or water currents, soil type,
Created by: QuinnLinn



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