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History of Medicine

This information creates an awarenes of the history and trends of health care.

TermDefinition
Clara Barton Known for founding the American red cross in 1881.
The Chinese Practiced and used acupuncture to relieve pain and congestion.
Marie Curie She isolated radium in 1910, making a breakthrough for radiation in medicine.
Leonardo Da Vinci Was an artist that was able to depict the human body and it's anatomy by using dissection.
Dark Ages The emphasis was placed on saving the soul (spiritual) and the study of medicine was prohibited. They prayed to try to treat epidemics.
Dorothea Dix Was appointed the superintendent of Female nurses of the army in 1861.
The Egyptians The earliest group of people that were known to maintain and keep record of accurate health records.
Gabriel Fahrenheit The inventor that created the first mercury thermometer.
Sir Alexander Fleming Discovered penicillin.
Andreas Vesalius Can be referred to as "Father of modern human anatomy.". Investigated anatomy by dissecting bodies. He wrote a book on all he had discovered about anatomy (De humani corporis fabrica) that is now one of the greatest medical books.
William Harvey Studied beating of heart and blood flow. He discovered that blood circulated throughout the entire body, through arteries, valves and veins, only to go back to the heart.
Karl Landsteiner Discovered different blood types and made blood transfusions accurate and safe.
Dr. Horace Wells, Crawford Long & William Morton Found a more pain-relieving and workable anesthesia by mixing two chemicals (laughing gas and ether).
Wilhelm Roentgen Discovered X-rays in 1895.
Ignaz Semmelweis Saw a connection between bacteria and germs and created the practice of washing your hands before a procedure (hand disinfection standards)
Louis Pasteur Created the pasteurization process and made the germ theory (proved that germs lead to diseases). Also developed rabies vaccine.
Edward Jenner Developed vaccine against smallpox.
Jonas Salk Developed the polio vaccine in 1952.
James Lind Discovered the importance of a diet with citric fruits (scurvy).
Howard Florey & Erns Chain Further developed penicillin and made it a "miracle" antibiotic to cure infections.
Gerhard Domagk Known for sulfa drugs, more specifically the development of sulfonamides such as Prontosil
Sir Frederick Grant Banting, Charles Best &John James Rickard Macleod Insulin for diabetes, and the affect of diet and oral meds for Diabetes
Michael Bishop & Harold Varmus Created a better understanding on cancer cells. Proved that we all have cancer cells, though in some of us they may be inactive.
Luk Montagnier & Robert Gallo Uncovered the cause of AIDS also known as the retro virus HIV
Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins Discovered the importance of vitamins and proper nutrition
Joseph Murray Performed first successful human kidney transplant
Hippocrates Father of Medicine
Robert Koch Developed the culture plate method to identify pathogens
Joseph Lister Began using antiseptics and disinfectants during surgery (think of listerene as a disinfectant to kill bad breath during a dental cleaning)
Gregory Mendel Established patterns of hereditary
Florence Nightingale Founder of Modern Nursing (began professional education of nurses).
Rhazes Arabic physician who used animal gut for suture material
Romans Began public health and sanitation systems
Ancient times Had limited knowledge and believed that illnesses believed to be caused by evil spirits and demons (explained by religion)
Jewish medicine Avoided medical practice and concentrated on health rules concerning food, cleanliness, and quarantine
Greek Medicine Were the first to study causes of diseases and research helped eliminate superstitions. Finally, sanitary practices were associated with the spread of disease
Four things Hippocrates stressed Good diet, fresh air,cleanliness and exercise
Rod of Asclepius Greek symbol associated with medicine and healing
René Laennec Invented the Stethescope in 1819
The Renaisance Rebirth of the science of medicine Human dissection to view body organs
16th, 17th and 18th centuries The knowledge of human body greatly increased and the microscope was invented as well as Apothecaries (early pharmacists) made, prescribed, and & sold medications. Finally the smallpox vaccine was discovered.
19th century Development of machinery and inventions like the stethoscope, nurse training programs and infection control
20th century First open-heart surgery in 1950s and computer technology in every aspect of health care
21st century Technological advancements in medicine still being developed and made
Created by: rockylover1111