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global culture

TermDefinition
culture what we have grown up with; its our programming; the ways of living
culture is... not good, not bad, just different
demographics the world's study of people/ population; topics of birth, death, marriage, and migration
subcultures smaller and more distinctive groups within a culture
examples of subcultures: language, clothing, diet, music, and tradition
Hearth the place where cultural ideas form and spread
example of cultural hearth: hip hop in the Bronx in '73
cultural convergance when cultures collide; results in exposure; art, skills, ideas, and habits of one culture encounter another culture. ex: Amexica
cultural diffusion the spread of cultural traits across distances
acculturation when a cultural trait becomes adopted by a different cultural group
Assimilation when cultural traits become adopted and traditional culture is left behind in favor of the new culture
cultural divergance isolating a part of society; attic policy and north korea
how many people live on earth? more than 6 billion
population density the average number of people per square mile
why is population growth a problem? because 2/3 of the earth is covered by water and half of that is unlivable due to mountains, deserts, extreme cold, and rain forests
how have we helped population growth to make more space? cutting down trees, plowing soil, damming rivers, grazing livestock, and adapting to environment (wearing thicker clothes in Alaska), and build high buildings to stack people instead of stretching across the land
how do you calculate population density and how can that be misleading? divide total population of a region by the land's area. Misleading bc for example Egypt has a big pop density but all the people are living along the Nile river.
who can sometimes create isolation and what type of gov doesn't create this isolation government can create isolation to keep people under control and democratic gov doesn't do this
where do the majority of people in the us live? east half of country and on edge of west coast
food= what people
what countries are lit? japan, america, and europe
what types of countries does the 'light off' show countries that are rich; can afford electricity (Africa and part of US have same pop, but with lights off it looks like no one lives in Africa)
what city in incredibly diverse? NYC
level of density will affect what? the culture
why are death rates and birth rates no longer equal? better meds, food, and safer housing and surroundings
push factors reason you have to leave a place
pull factors reason you go to a place
push factor examples unemployment, bad gov, war, lack of resources, over population,
pull factor examples internet access and electricity, stable gov, peace, freedom, abundance of resources and jobs
immigrants people who move/ arrive to a country
emmigrants people who leave a country
urbanization movement of people to the city and the growth of cities
rural countryside
how to tell if a it is a country territory, population, government, and Sovereignty
population in order to be a country: does not matter how big it is
government in order to be a country: does not have to b a good government
territory in order to be a country: size doesn't matter
sovernreingty Independence... doesn't look to or rely on anyone else
unitary systems (parent and child) one central gov runs nation... make local gov want sovernreignty... parent chooses what child is responsible for
federal systems (married couple) some power given to national gov and some to local gov. we pay taxes to both and can be arrested by both... national and local gov argue... divorce from marriage... civil war and confederate states of america
confederation system (a group of friends deciding on a restaurant) gov only has limited power... everyone does their own thing... local has more power than overall national gov
authoritarian : extent of power gov is not limited
democratic: extent of power gov limited by consent of the people
authoritariann: Control of people one person holds all power; power and respect kept by threat of force; army pledges allegiance to leader; army is most respected job; leader surrounded by army projects power and strength
democtratic: control of people power is held by representatives who are chosen by voting
authoritarian:civil liberties rights not guarenteed
democratic: civil liberties rights are protected by Bill of rights
Authoritarian: elections if an election is held, there is no real choice because there is only 1 party.
Democratic: elections election offer a choice of the candidate representing multiple parties
Authoritarian: rule of law gov doesn't always have to follow their law
Democratic: rule of law people and gov have to follow rules set by constitution
Authoritarian: types monarchy (king and queen rule), dictatorship(one single person runs gov), totalitarian(extreme dictatorship; one person runs economy, gov, and people's social and personal lives)
Democratic: types constitutional monarchy (king and queen are basically mascot), direct democracy (everybody votes on everything), representative democracy (vote for people and tell them to represrnt you bc you dont have time/lazy)
Traditional economy Families; produce for personal production; very little surplus; little good exchange
market economy cash in charge of America; we demand and they supply; consumers want fidget spinners.. they are made; private businesses supply and if we don't buy, they go out of business. gov checks in to make sure everything is legal and clean. price and production
command economy Gov controls everything. who owns businesses, determines production, operates businesses
pickle farmers example!!! soviets don't care about look or quality, as long as its made and everyone gets even $...... American take risks and compete with other businesses and everything isn't fair
market system produced... risk and reward, choice, better products, general sucess
command economy produced... low quality items, equal not fair, bad workers, general failure
china highest pop, market and democracy
North Korea command and authoritarian
usa market and democracy
Created by: megan_boehl1