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Chapter 13 Vocab

Apnea absence of breathing; respiratory arrest
Aspiration Breathing a foreign substance into the lungs
Blunt Trauma a force that impacts or is applied to the body but is not sharp enough to penetrate it
Brain Herniation Compression and pushing of the brain through the foramen magnum
Cerebrospinal fluid A clear fluid that surrounds and cushions the brain an the spinal cord
Chief Complaint The patient complaint that is the primary reason why the EMS crew was called to the scene
Dyspnea Shortness of breath or perceived difficulty in breathing
Extension Posturing a posture in which the patient arches the back and extends the arms straight out parallel to the body - serious head injury
In-line stabilization bringing the patients head to a neutral position in which the nose is in line with navel and neck
Modified secondary Assessment A physical exam that is focused on a specific injury site, performed on a responsive patient (no critical injury)
Occluded Closed or blocked; not patent, as an oculded airway
Orthopnea Shortness of breath while lying flat
Paradoxical Movement A section of the chest that moves in the opposite direction to the rest of the chest during the phase of respiration (flail segment) ????????
Patent Open; not blocked, as a patent airway
Penetrating Trauma A force that pierces the skin and body tissue, for example, gunshot wound or stab
Primary Assessment Patient assessment conducted immediately after scene size up to discover any life threats/injured/ill
Rapid secondary assessment head-to-to physical exam that is swifty conducted on a trauma patient who is unresponsive or a serious head injury
Reassessment The continuous assessment that is conducted following the secondary assessment to suspect any changes in the patient condition
Secondary Assessment The portion of patient assessment conducted after the primary assessment. Identifying additional serious or potentially life threatening injuries or conditions.
Created by: Pamilee3733