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Vocab Chapter 11

vocab Chapter 11

Auscultation Listening for sounds within the body
Baseline Vital Signs The first set of vital signs measurements to which subsequent measurements can be compared
Blood Pressure The force exerted by the blood on the interior walls of the blood
Bradycardia Heart rate less than 60 beats per minute
Capillary refill The amount of time it takes fr the capillaries that have been compressed
Chief Complaint The patient complaint that is the primary reason why the EMS crew was called to the scene.
Clammy A moist, or a cool and moist, condition; a skin condition often because of shock
Close Ended Question A question that requires a yes or no answer
Conjunctive the thin covering of the inner eyelid and exposed portion of the sclera of the eye.
Constricted Narrow, made small
Cyanosis A blue gray color of the mucous membranes and or and or skin which inadequate oxygen or poor defussion
Diastolic Blood Pressure The pressure exerted against the walls of the arteries when the left ventricle is at rest
Dialated *************sp expanded, made large red skin
Jaundice A condition characterized by yellowness of the skin, scleara of they eyes, mucous membranes, indicates liver failure, disease
Mottling skin discoloration similar to cyanosis but occurring in a blotchy pattern; a possible sign of shock
Open ended question question that allows the patient to give a detailed response in there own words
Flashing Abnormally red skin due to vasodilation
OPQRST A mnemonic for remembering the question to ask when assessing the patients chief complaint or major symptoms such a spain, onset provocation-palliation-quality-radiation-severity-Time of complaint
Orthostatic Vital Signs An increase in heart of 10-20 bpm and a decrease in systolic blood of 10-26 mmHg when a patient moves
Pallor Pale or abnormally white skin color
Palpation Feelings, as for a pulse
Puls Oximeter Electronic device used to determine the oxygen concentration of the left ventricle
Pulse oximetry measurement of blood saturation
Pulse pressure The difference between they systolic blood pressure and the diastolic blood pressure
Pulsus paradoxas a decrease in pulse strength during inhalation; a drop in blood pressure of more than 10 mmHg during inhalation (increase
Sample History A format for taking a patient history. Signs and symptoms, allergies, medications permits
Signs any objectives evidence of medical or trauma conditions that can be seen, heard, felt, or smelled in a patient.
Sphygmomanometer instrument used to measure blood pressure
Stridor a harsh, high-pitched sound hear on inhalation that indicates swelling of the larnyx
Symptoms Conditions that must be described by the patient because they cannot be observed by another person
Systolic Blood Pressure The p exerted against the walls of the arteries when left ventricle contracts
Tachycardia a heart rate greater that 100 beats per minute
Tilt Test an increase in heart rate in 10-20 bpm and a decrease systolic blood pressure of 10-20 mmHg when a patient moves from a supine to a upright or standing position
Vital Signs The tradition signs of life; assessments related to breathing, pulse, skin, pupils and blood pressure.
Created by: Pamilee3733