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Matter Chapt 1

6th-Matter Chap 1

Matter anything that has mass and takes up space.
Volume a measure of the size of a body or a region in three‐dimensional space.
Meniscus the curve of a liquid's surface by which one measures the volume of the liquid.
Mass a measure of the amount of matter in an object or substance.
Weight a measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object; its value can change depending on its location in the universe
graduated cylinder usually a long cylinder made of glass or plastic that is used to measure the volume of a liquid.
beaker a large mouth container resembling a cup usually used to measure volumes of liquid greater than 100 milliliters.
cubic three‐dimensional
inertia the tendency of an object/substance to resist being moved or, if the object is moving, to resist a change in speed or direction until an outside force acts on the object.
physical property a characteristic of a substance that does not involve a chemical change, such as density, color, or hardness.
density the ratio of the mass of a substance to the volume of the substance, how closely packed are the particles of matter in an object/substance.
thermal conductivity the rate at which a substance transfers heat.
physical state the form in which a substance exist, such as solid, liquid, gas, or plasma.
solubility the ability of a substance to dissolve in another substance, such as Kool‐Aid™ dissolving in water.
ductility the ability of a substance to be pulled into a wire.
malleability the ability of a substance to be rolled or pounded into thin sheets.
physical change a change of matter from one form to another without a change in the substance's identity.
chemical property a property of matter that describes a substance's ability to participate in chemical reactions.
flammability the ability of a substance to burn.
reactivity the ability of two or more substances to combine and form one or more new substances.
characteristic property physical or chemical properties that always exist for substance
chemical change a change that occurs when one or more substances change into entirely new substances (new identities) with different properties.
composition the type of matter and arrangement of particles in an object.
electrolysis a process that passes electricity through water in an effort to split hydrogen and oxygen atoms apart from each other.
Created by: wheels0