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A&P Tissue Review

Anatomy and Physiology Tissue Review

tissuefunction
epithelium forms membranes
muscle allows movement of limbs and for organ movement within the body
connective function is to support cells
nervous function is to communicate
connective function is to protect and line
nervous uses electrochemical signals to carry out its functions
connective supports and reinforces the body organs
epithelium cells of this tissue may absorb and/or secrete substances
nervous basis of the major controlling system of the body
muscle its cells shorten to exert force
epithelium forms endocrine and exocrine glands
connective surrounds and cushions body organs
muscle to contract and move body
connective characterized by having large amounts of extracellular material
muscle allows you to smile, grasp, swim, ski, and throw a ball
connective widely distributed; found in bones, cartilages, and fat deposits
nervous forms the brain and spinal cord
a tissue is: a collection of cells
4 major tissue types are: epithelial, connective, nervous, muscle
blood vessels are lined with: squamous epithelium
single layered, scale like cells: squamous epithelium
urinary system is lined with: transitional epithelium
simple columnar epithelium is found: lining small intestine
stratified epithelia: consists of several layers of cells
transitional epithelium allows: bladder to stretch
single layered, elongated cells: columnar epithelium
stratified squamous epithelium does not occur: lining the stomach
surface cells of stratified squamous epithelium are continually: being shed from surface
5 examples of connective tissues; blood, tendon, bone, adipose tissue, cartilage
muscle tissue that has branched fibers, intercalated discs between adjacent cells, and contracts automatically: cardiac muscle
muscle tissues that has long fibers and nuclei on the surface: striated voluntary muscle
which muscle tissue moves bones? striated voluntary muscle
muscle tissue found in blood vessel walls, in the gut wall and in glands? smooth involuntary muscle
epithelial consists of many cells with little intercellular substance(matrix)
connective penetrated by blood vessels (vascular)
connective does not cover body surfaces or line passageways and cavities, but is more internally located; binds, supports, protects
fibrous found where strength and rigidity are needed, as in discs between vertebrae and the symphysis pubis
hyaline white, glossy cartilage covering ends of bones (articular), covering ends of ribs (costal), and giving strength to nose, larynx and trachea
elastic provides strength and flexibility, as in external part of the ear
tissue forming walls of heart cardiac
attached to bones skeletal
spindle-shaped cells with ends tapering at points smooth
contain intercalated discs and gap junctions cardiac
found in walls of intestine, urinary bladder, and blood vessels smooth
cells are multinucleate cardiac
now i know my abcs next time wont you sing with me
Created by: moo_30