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Ecosystems

Keywords and definitions

TermDefinition
Abiotic the physical, non-living parts of the ecosystem
Biotic the living parts of the ecosystem
Ecosystem natural areas in which plants, animals and other organisms are linked to each other and to the non-living elements of the environment
Biomes large scale ecosystems that have plants and animals that are unique to them
The four main factors in an ecosystem that are interdependent upon each other are animals, plants, soils, climate
8 major biomes Hot deserts, tropical rainforest, temperate forest, tropical grassland, coral reef, polar, temperate grassland, tundra
Temperate Mild, not too hot nor too cold
What is permafrost and where is it found? Permafrost is when the temperature of the ground rarely rises above freezing, resulting in a thick subsurface layer of soil that remains below freezing point throughout the year. It is found in polar regions, the tundra.
precipitation rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to or condenses on the ground.
Explain the term flora, giving examples Flora is the trees, moss, shrubs and flowers of a biome, for example oak trees in a temperate grassland
Explain the term fauna, giving examples Fauna is the animals of a specific biome, for example camels in a hot desert.
climate the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period.
weather the state of the atmosphere at a particular place and time as regards heat, cloudiness, dryness, sunshine, wind, rain, etc.
interdependent animals and plants within an ecosystem depend upon each other in order to survive.
interrelate when something in the ecosystem links to something else in the ecosystem, be it flora, fauna, climate, abiotic, biotic
xerophytic adapted to an environment with little or no water
prophytic adapted to be fire-resistant
adaptation a mutation, or genetic change, that helps an organism, such as a plant or animal, survive in its environment.
sustainability biological systems being able to remain diverse and productive indefinitely
Created by: mrscpage