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PCOM Medical Term

Chapter 2 Study Section 1

Anabolism Process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simple materials
Catabolism Process of breaking down complex materials (foods) to form simpler substances and release of energy
Cell Membrane Structure surrounding and protecting the cell, It determines what enters and leaves the cell
Cytoplasm All the material that is outside the nucleus and yet contained within the cell membrane
DNA Chemical found within each chromosome. Arranged like a sequence of recipes in code, it directs the activities of cell
Endoplasmic recticulum Structure (canals) within the cytoplasm. Site in which large proteins are made from smaller protein pieces. Ribosomes are found on the endoplasmic reticulum.
Genes Regions of DNA within each chromosome
Karyotype Picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell. The chromosomes are arranged in numerical order to determine their number and structure
Metabolism The total of the chemical processes in a cell. It includes both catabolism and anabolism.
Mitochondria Structures in the cytoplasm in which foods are burned to release energy
Nucleus Control center of the cell. It contains chromosomes and directs the activities of the cell
Created by: urbandanzer