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acidosis the build of excess acid in the blood of body tissues that results from a primary illness
adventitious breath sounds abnormal breath sounds such as wheezing, stridor, rhonchi, and crackles
alkalosis the build up of excess base (lack of acids) in the body fluids
anaphylaxis an extreme, life threatening,systemic allergic reaction that may include shock and respiratory failure
asthma acute spasm of the smaller air passages, called bronchioles, associated with excessive mucus production and swelling of mucous lining of passages.
atelectasis collapse of the alveolar air spaces of the lungs
bronchiolitis inflammation of bronchioles that usually occurs in children younger that 2 and is often caused by the respiratory syncyial virus
bronchitis acute or chronic inflammation of the lung that may damage lung tissue; usually associated with cough and production of sputum and sometimes fever
chronic obstruction pulmonary disease (COPD) slow process of dilation and disruption of the airways and alveoli caused by chronic bronchial obstruction
continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) a method of ventilation used primarily in the treatment of critically ill patients with respiratory distress ; can prevent need for endothelial intubation
croup an inflammatory disease of the upper respiratory system that may cause a partial airway obstruction and is characterized by a barking cough; usually in children
diphtheria an infectious disease in which a membrane forms, lining the pharynx. can severely obstruct the passage of air into larynx
dyspnea shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
embolus a blood clot or other substance in circulatory system that travels to a blood vessel where is causes blockage
emphysema disease of the lungs in which there is extreme dilation and eventual destruction of the pulmonary alveoli with poor exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. it is one form of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
epiglottitis disease in which the epiglottis becomes inflamed and enlarged and may cause upper airway obstruction
hay fever an allergic response usually to outdoor airborne allergens such as pollen or sometimes indoor allergens such as dust mites or pet dander; allergic rhinitis
hyperventilation rapid or deep breathing that lowers the blood carbon dioxide level below normal
hypoxia a condition in which the body cells and tissues do not
influenza type A virus that has crossed animal/human barrier and has infected humans, recently reaching pandemic level with the H1N1 stain
orthopnea severe dyspnea experienced when laying down and relieved by sitting up
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea severe shortness of breath, especially at night after several hours of reclining
pertussis (whooping cough) airborne bacterial infection that affects mostly children.
pleural effusion collection of fluid between the lung and chest wall that may compress the lung
pleuritic chest pain sharp, stabbing pain in the chest that is worsened by a deep breath or other chest wall movement
pneumonia an infectious disease of the lung that damages lung tissue
pneumothorax partial or complete accumulation of air in the pleural space
pulmonary edema buildup of fluid in the lungs, usually as a result of congestive heart failure
pulmonary embolism blood clot that breaks off from a large vein and travels to the blood vessels of the lung, causing obstruction of blood flow
respiration the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide
respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes infection of the lungs and breathing passages. can lead to other serious illnesses that affect the lungs or heart such as bronchiolitis and pneumonia. RSV is highly contagious and spread through droplets.
rhonchi coarse breath sounds heard in patients with chronic mucus in the airways
stridor harsh, high-pitched, barking inspiration sound often heard in acute laryngeal obstruction
tuberculosis (TB) disease that can lay dormant in a persons lungs for decades, then reactivate. spread by cough
ventilation exchanges of air between lungs and the environment
vesicular breath sounds normal breath sounds made by air moving in and out of the alveoli
Created by: cowens13



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