Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

FINAL - Viruses

Final cumulative virus review

Viral FamilyEnveloped?DNA/RNA structure?Key virusesAssociated diseases
Parvovirus No ssDNA (linear) THE SMALLEST DNA VIRUS B19 virus aplastic crisis in sickle cell, erythema infectiosum (5th disease) - slap cheek - may be referred to as erythrovirus in this case), hydrops fetalis
Papovavirus No DS - Circular HPV, JC Virus HPV - Warts, CIN, Cervical cancer.JC - Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) in HIV pt
Poxvirus Yes dsDNA, Linear (largest DNA virus) Poxvirus Smallpox (eradicated), vaccinia - cowpox (milkmaid blisters), Molluscum contagiosium
Picornaviruses No (+)ssRNA with icosahedral capsule Poliovirus, Echovirus, Rhinovirus, Coxsackie, HAV Poliovirus (salk vaccine injection(oral sabin is no longer used). Echovirus - Asepetic meningitis, Rhinovirus - common cold, Coxsackie virus - Asepetic meningitis, herpangina (febrile pharyngitis), HAND FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE, and myocarditis. HAV - Hep A
Calciviruses No Linear (+)ssRNA Icosahedral capsule HEV and Norwalk virus HEV: Hep E; Norwalk virus: viral gastroenteritis
Reoviruses No dsRNA, Linear, Segmented. Icosahedral Rotavirus, reovirus Rotavirus: - #1 viral dirrhea (sometimes fatal) in children <2 and in the elderly.Reovirus: Colorado tick fever
Flavivirus Yes (+)ssRNA, Linear, Icosahedral HCV, flavivirus HCV - Hep C. Flavivirus: Yellow fever, dengue, St. Louis encephalitis, West nile.
Togavirus Yes (+)ssRNA, Linear, icosahedral Togavirus Rubella, Eastern equine encephalitis, western equine encephalitis
Retroviruses Yes (+)ssRNA, Linear, Icosahedral HIV, HTLV HIV - AIDS, HTLV - T-cell leukemia. These viruses contain reverse transcriptase
Coronavirus Yes (+)ssRNA, Linear, HELICAL Corona virus Common cold and SARS
Orthomyxovirus Yes (-)ssRNA, Linar segmented (compare to paramyxo which is NOT segmented), helical capsule Influenza virus Influenza A and B
Paramyxovirus Yes (-) ssRNA, Linear, NON-SEGMENTED (compare to ortho which is segmented), helical Parainfluenza, RSV PaRaMyxovirus:Parainfluenza - croup, RSV - bronchiolitis in babies, (rx=ribavirin), measles, mumps.
Rhabdoviruses Yes (-)ssRNA, Linear, helical, Rabies virus Rabies
Filovirus Yes (-)ssRNA, Linear, Helical Filovirus Ebola/marburg hemorrhagic fever
Arenavirus Yes (-)ssRNA, CIRCULAR, Helical LCV Lymphocytic choriomeningitis and mice-borne viral meningitis
Bunyavirus Yes (-)ssRNA, CIRCULAR, helical Bunyavirus, Hantavirus California enchephalitis, sand fly / rift valley fever, crimmean-congo hemorrhagic fever. HANTAVIRUS - Hemorrhagic fever, pneumonia
Deltavirus Yes (-)ssRNA, Circular, helical HDV Hep D
Hepadnavirus Yes DS - Partial circular HBV : Acute / chronic hepatitis. Vaccine available. NOT A RETROVIRUS BUT CONTAINS REVERSE XCRIPTASE
Herpesvirus Yes DS - Linear HSV-1, HSV-2, VZV, EBV, CMV HSV-1 - Oral lesions, keratoconjunctivitis.HSV-2 Genital lesionsVZV - Chicken pox, zoster, shinglesEBV - Mono, burkits lymphomaCMV - Immunosupressed pt, xplant recip. Congenital defects
Adenovirus No DS - Linear Adenovirus Febrile pharyngitis (sore throat), pneumonia, Conjunctivitis (pink eye)
Created by: Semester4



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards